Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 12.20.4

महाधनस्य तस्यैको हरिस्वामीत्य् अभूत् सुतः ।
तस्य भार्या च लावण्यवतीत्य् अत्युत्तमाभवत् ॥ ४ ॥

mahādhanasya tasyaiko harisvāmīty abhūt sutaḥ |
tasya bhāryā ca lāvaṇyavatīty atyuttamābhavat || 4 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.20.4 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.20.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahadhana, Tad, Tas, Sut, Suta, Bharya, Ati, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.20.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mahādhanasya tasyaiko harisvāmīty abhūt sutaḥ
  • mahādhanasya -
  • mahādhana (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    mahādhana (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • tasyai -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single], [imperative passive first single]
  • aiko* -
  • Cannot analyse harisvāmīty*ab
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • sutaḥ -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • Line 2: “tasya bhāryā ca lāvaṇyavatīty atyuttamābhavat
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhāryā -
  • bhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ -> bhāryā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √bhṛ]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse lāvaṇyavatīty*at
  • atyu -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • uttamā -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhavat -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.20.4

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

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Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.20.4 in Bengali sript:
মহাধনস্য তস্যৈকো হরিস্বামীত্য্ অভূত্ সুতঃ ।
তস্য ভার্যা চ লাবণ্যবতীত্য্ অত্যুত্তমাভবত্ ॥ ৪ ॥

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