Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 12.12.49

ज्ञानिविज्ञानिनौ त्व् अस्य धात्रा कर्मकरौ कृतौ ।
सदा गणकतक्षाणौ परोपकरणे न किम् ॥ ४९ ॥

jñānivijñāninau tv asya dhātrā karmakarau kṛtau |
sadā gaṇakatakṣāṇau paropakaraṇe na kim || 49 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.12.49 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.12.49). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jna, Jnanin, Jnani, Vijnanin, Idam, Dhatri, Karmakara, Krit, Krita, Kriti, Sada, Ganaka, Takshan, Paropakarana, Kim,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.12.49). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “;ānivijñ;āninau tv asya dhātrā karmakarau kṛtau
  • jñāni -
  • jñānin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jñānin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jñānī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jñānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    jñānī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jña (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vijñāninau -
  • vijñānin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Cannot analyse tv*as
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dhātrā -
  • dhātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • karmakarau -
  • karmakara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṛtau -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṛti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    kṛti (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • Line 2: “sadā gaṇakatakṣāṇau paropakaraṇe na kim
  • sadā* -
  • sada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gaṇaka -
  • gaṇaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaṇaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • takṣāṇau -
  • takṣan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • paropakaraṇe -
  • paropakaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.12.49

Cover of edition (2005)

by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.12.49 in Bengali sript:
জ্ঞানিবিজ্ঞানিনৌ ত্ব্ অস্য ধাত্রা কর্মকরৌ কৃতৌ ।
সদা গণকতক্ষাণৌ পরোপকরণে ন কিম্ ॥ ৪৯ ॥

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