Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 10.8.12

अविचार्योपकारी स नकुलः किं हतस्त्वया ।
इत्य् उपालभतायाता भार्यापि तदवेत्य तम् ॥ १२ ॥

avicāryopakārī sa nakulaḥ kiṃ hatastvayā |
ity upālabhatāyātā bhāryāpi tadavetya tam || 12 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 10.8.12 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.8.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avicarya, Upakari, Upakarin, Nakula, Kim, Hata, Tva, Yushmad, Upa, Ayata, Bhari, Bharin, Bharya, Api, Tada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 10.8.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “avicāryopakārī sa nakulaḥ kiṃ hatastvayā
  • avicāryo -
  • avicārya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avicārya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avicāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upakārī -
  • upakārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    upakārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nakulaḥ -
  • nakula (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hatas -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “ity upālabhatāyātā bhāryāpi tadavetya tam
  • Cannot analyse ity*up
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    upā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • alabhatā -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
  • ayātā* -
  • ayāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ayātā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhāryā -
  • bhāri (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    bhārin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    bhārin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhārya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhṛ -> bhārya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √bhṛ]
    bhṛ -> bhārya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √bhṛ]
    bhṛ -> bhārya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhṛ]
    bhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ -> bhārya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √bhṛ]
    bhṛ -> bhārya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √bhṛ]
    bhṛ -> bhāryā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √bhṛ]
  • āpi -
  • āpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    āpi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    āpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    āpī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    āpī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    āpī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tada -
  • tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vetya -
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 10.8.12

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 10.8.12 in Bengali sript:
অবিচার্যোপকারী স নকুলঃ কিং হতস্ত্বযা ।
ইত্য্ উপালভতাযাতা ভার্যাপি তদবেত্য তম্ ॥ ১২ ॥

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