Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 3.4.31

देव गोपालका भूत्वा क्रीडामो विजने वयम् ।
तत्रैको देवसेनाख्यो मध्ये गोपालको ऽस्ति नः ॥ ३१ ॥

deva gopālakā bhūtvā krīḍāmo vijane vayam |
tatraiko devasenākhyo madhye gopālako 'sti naḥ || 31 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.31 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.4.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Deva, Gopalaka, Vijana, Vaya, Asmad, Tatra, Aika, Devasena, Madhye, Madhya, Asti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “deva gopālakā bhūtvā krīḍāmo vijane vayam
  • deva -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    div (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • gopālakā* -
  • gopālaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bhūtvā -
  • bhū -> bhūtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhū]
  • krīḍāmo* -
  • krīḍ (verb class 1)
    [present active first plural]
  • vijane -
  • vijana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vijana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vijanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vayam -
  • vaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative dual]
  • Line2: “tatraiko devasenākhyo madhye gopālako 'sti naḥ
  • tatrai -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aiko* -
  • aika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • devasenā -
  • devasena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devasenā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • akhyo* -
  • khyā (verb class 2)
    [aorist active second single]
  • madhye -
  • madhye (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    madhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    madhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    madhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • gopālako' -
  • gopālaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • naḥ -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.31

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.4.31 in Bengali sript:
দেব গোপালকা ভূত্বা ক্রীডামো বিজনে বযম্ ।
তত্রৈকো দেবসেনাখ্যো মধ্যে গোপালকো ঽস্তি নঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

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