Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 3.3.140

मार्जाररूपं चक्रे च भयादिन्द्रो ऽपि तत्क्षणम् ।
कः स्थितो ऽत्रेति सो ऽपृच्छदहल्यामथ गौतमः ॥ १४० ॥

mārjārarūpaṃ cakre ca bhayādindro 'pi tatkṣaṇam |
kaḥ sthito 'treti so 'pṛcchadahalyāmatha gautamaḥ || 140 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.3.140 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.3.140). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Marjara, Rupa, Cakra, Cakri, Bhayat, Bhaya, Indra, Api, Tatkshana, Kah, Sthita, Atra, Atri, Iti, Sah, Ahali, Ahalya, Atha, Gautama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.3.140). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mārjārarūpaṃ cakre ca bhayādindro 'pi tatkṣaṇam
  • mārjāra -
  • mārjāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rūpam -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rūpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cakre -
  • cakra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    cakra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    cakrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cakri (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    cakri (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhayād -
  • bhayāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • indro' -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • tatkṣaṇam -
  • tatkṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “kaḥ sthito 'treti so 'pṛcchadahalyāmatha gautamaḥ
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sthito' -
  • sthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
  • atre -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    atrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    atri (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • apṛcchad -
  • praś (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ahalyām -
  • ahali (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    ahalyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • gautamaḥ -
  • gautama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.3.140

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.3.140 in Bengali sript:
মার্জাররূপং চক্রে চ ভযাদিন্দ্রো ঽপি তত্ক্ষণম্ ।
কঃ স্থিতো ঽত্রেতি সো ঽপৃচ্ছদহল্যামথ গৌতমঃ ॥ ১৪০ ॥

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