Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 2.4.12

प्रातश्च मन्त्रिवचनं न्यकृत्वा गजतृष्णया ।
पुरस्कृत्यैव तांश्चारान्ययौ विन्ध्याटवीं प्रति ॥ १२ ॥

prātaśca mantrivacanaṃ nyakṛtvā gajatṛṣṇayā |
puraskṛtyaiva tāṃścārānyayau vindhyāṭavīṃ prati || 12 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.4.12 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prata, Prat, Mantrin, Mantri, Vacana, Nyak, Ritvan, Gaja, Trishna, Puraskritya, Cara, Yayi, Yayu, Vindhyatavi, Prati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.4.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prātaśca mantrivacanaṃ nyakṛtvā gajatṛṣṇayā
  • prātaś -
  • prāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    prā -> prāt (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √prā class 2 verb], [ablative single from √prā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √prā class 2 verb]
    prā -> prāt (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √prā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √prā class 2 verb]
    prā (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mantri -
  • mantri (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    mantrin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    mantrin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mantrī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    mantrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    mantrī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
  • nyak -
  • nyak (indeclinable)
  • ṛtvā -
  • -> ṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> ṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> ṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    ṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gaja -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaj (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tṛṣṇayā -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “puraskṛtyaiva tāṃścārānyayau vindhyāṭavīṃ prati
  • puraskṛtyai -
  • puraskṛtya (indeclinable)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • tāṃś -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • cārān -
  • cāra (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vindhyāṭavīm -
  • vindhyāṭavī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.4.12

Cover of edition (2005)

by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.4.12 in Bengali sript:
প্রাতশ্চ মন্ত্রিবচনং ন্যকৃত্বা গজতৃষ্ণযা ।
পুরস্কৃত্যৈব তাংশ্চারান্যযৌ বিন্ধ্যাটবীং প্রতি ॥ ১২ ॥

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