Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 2.2.57

न पुत्राः साहसं कार्यं जीवन्नेष्यति वः सखा ।
इत्य् अन्तरिक्षा द्वाणी नस् तम् उद्योगं न्यवारयत् ॥ ५७ ॥

na putrāḥ sāhasaṃ kāryaṃ jīvanneṣyati vaḥ sakhā |
ity antarikṣā dvāṇī nas tam udyogaṃ nyavārayat || 57 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.57 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.2.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Putra, Sahasa, Karya, Jivat, Jivan, Eshyat, Yushmad, Sakhi, Sakha, Dva, Ani, Asmad, Udyoga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na putrāḥ sāhasaṃ kāryaṃ jīvanneṣyati vaḥ sakhā
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • putrāḥ -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sāhasam -
  • sāhasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāhasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sāhasā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kāryam -
  • kārya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kārya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kāryā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ], [accusative single from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṝ -> kārya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṝ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṝ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
  • jīvann -
  • jīvat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīvan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • eṣyati -
  • eṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    i -> eṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> eṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [future active third single]
  • vaḥ -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • sakhā -
  • sakhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sakhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ity antarikṣā dvāṇī nas tam udyogaṃ nyavārayat
  • Cannot analyse ity*an
  • antarikṣā -
  • dvā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    dva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āṇī -
  • āṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nas -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • udyogam -
  • udyoga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • nyavā -
  • nyava (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • arayat -
  • ray (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.57

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.2.57 in Bengali sript:
ন পুত্রাঃ সাহসং কার্যং জীবন্নেষ্যতি বঃ সখা ।
ইত্য্ অন্তরিক্ষা দ্বাণী নস্ তম্ উদ্যোগং ন্যবারযত্ ॥ ৫৭ ॥

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