Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 2.2.38

ततः स चैनां पप्रच्छ का त्वं दुःखं च किं तव ।
वद सुन्दरि शक्तो ऽहं तन्निवारयितुं यतः ॥ ३८ ॥

tataḥ sa caināṃ papraccha kā tvaṃ duḥkhaṃ ca kiṃ tava |
vada sundari śakto 'haṃ tannivārayituṃ yataḥ || 38 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.38 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.2.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Aina, Tva, Yushmad, Duhkham, Duhkha, Kim, Vada, Sundari, Shakta, Shaktu, Aha, Asmad, Tat, Tan, Yatah, Yat, Yata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ sa caināṃ papraccha tvaṃ duḥkhaṃ ca kiṃ tava
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ainā -
  • aina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • papraccha -
  • praś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “vada sundari śakto 'haṃ tannivārayituṃ yataḥ
  • vada -
  • vada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sundari -
  • sundarī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • śakto' -
  • śakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śac -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śac class 1 verb]
    śak -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śak class 5 verb]
    śaktu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    śaktu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • tan -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vārayitum -
  • vṛ -> vārayitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vṛ]
  • yataḥ -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 2.2.38

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.2.38 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ স চৈনাং পপ্রচ্ছ কা ত্বং দুঃখং চ কিং তব ।
বদ সুন্দরি শক্তো ঽহং তন্নিবারযিতুং যতঃ ॥ ৩৮ ॥

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