Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 1.2.43

तच्छोकादिन्द्रदत्तस्य पिता यातो महापथम् ।
अस्मज्जनन्योश्च ततः स्फुटितं हृदयं शुचा ॥ ४३ ॥

tacchokādindradattasya pitā yāto mahāpatham |
asmajjananyośca tataḥ sphuṭitaṃ hṛdayaṃ śucā || 43 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 1.2.43 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tat, Tad, Shoka, Indradatta, Pitri, Yat, Yata, Yatri, Mahapatha, Tatah, Tata, Sphutita, Hridaya, Shuc, Shuca,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 1.2.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tacchokādindradattasya pitā yāto mahāpatham
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śokād -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • indradattasya -
  • indradatta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • pitā -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • yāto* -
  • yāt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    -> yāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    yātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • mahāpatham -
  • mahāpatha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahāpatha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “asmajjananyośca tataḥ sphuṭitaṃ hṛdayaṃ śucā
  • Cannot analyse asmajjananyośca*ta
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sphuṭitam -
  • sphuṭita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sphuṭita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sphuṭitā (noun, feminine)
    sphuṭ -> sphuṭita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sphuṭ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb]
    sphuṭ -> sphuṭita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sphuṭ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sphuṭ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb]
  • hṛdayam -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hṛdaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hṛdayā (noun, feminine)
  • śucā -
  • śuc (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    śuc (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    śuc (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    śucā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 1.2.43

Cover of edition (2005)

by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.2.43 in Bengali sript:
তচ্ছোকাদিন্দ্রদত্তস্য পিতা যাতো মহাপথম্ ।
অস্মজ্জনন্যোশ্চ ততঃ স্ফুটিতং হৃদযং শুচা ॥ ৪৩ ॥

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