Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika)

by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat | 1954 | 284,137 words | ISBN-10: 8185208123 | ISBN-13: 9788185208121

This is verse 9.25 of the Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha-Dipika), the English translation of 13th-century Marathi commentary on the Bhagavad-Gita.—The Dnyaneshwari (Jnaneshwari) brings to light the deeper meaning of the Gita which represents the essence of the Vedic Religion. This is verse 25 of the chapter called Raja-vidya and Raja-guhya Yoga.

Verse 9.25:Devotees of Gods repair unto the Gods; the devotees of Manes repair unto the Manes; the worshippers of Elemental Beings repair unto those Beings: those who worship Me likewise repair unto Me. (355)

Commentary called Jnaneshwari by Jnaneshwar:

Worshippers of gods are united at death to the gods to whom they are devoted in thought, word and deed: and those that betake themselves to ancestral worship, at the end of their life, go to the abode of ancestors; those again, that propitiate the Gods and spirits and other petty Gods, as Divine beings supreme, practising magic, charms and black art (jāraṇamāraṇa) are joined to the order of those Ghosts and Spirits; in this way their acts of faith bear fruit proper to their desires with the fall of their bodies. There are those, whose eyes are filled with the vision of My presence, and who hear only My praise with their ears, whose minds meditate upon Me, and whose words sing My praise. Everywhere in all things they bow to My Divine being with all their heart and soul. All their charities and acts of faith flow into the path of devotion to Me. On Me centres all their learning and lore: both inward and outward, their one exclusive joy is being one with Me; their entire life is dedicated to My worship. All their selfelation is turned to Me, to extol My divine glory: to own God’s knowledge is all their avarice: they are passionate with the passion for God: their love is to nothing else but to God: being lost in My being out of divine madness, they are unmindful of the world.

By God-realization alone, all their scriptural lore bears fruit: their mystic utterance of My name, is a power to unite with Me; thus they have worshipped Me in all their life and actions. Surely are they already united to Me on this side of death; how then would they go any where else after death? Therefore, all those sacrificers and devotees who dedicate themselves to Me in all actions, are united with My eternal life. Oh Arjuna; without ungrudging self-surrender none can enjoy the supreme bliss of My eternal life. No external ceremonial leads one into that eternal life. Little does he know indeed that vaunts his knowledge; the showing off of self-realization is itself an imperfection: a shallow mind is his who boasts of his divine perfection. Similarly, all tall talk, Oh Kiriti, of their sacrifices, charities and austerities is not worth a straw. Just see, is there one who excels the Vedas in knowledge, or is there any one who outshines the Shesha in eloquence? That very Shesha shrinks into himself under My divine resting place, while the very Vedas even turn, being confounded, into saying “Neti, Neti” (“Do not know”.)

The great primeval sages like Sanaka and others were struck with maddening wonder. In the practice of austere penances, who, indeed, can hold a candle to the God Shiva, the Shulapani (śūlapāṇī—holder of the trident)? Yet he too, dropping all pride, in all humility bears on his head the holy water that washes My feet. Oh, who indeed is there that is richer than the Goddess Lakshmi, in whose home the very deities of abundance and prosperity (ṛddhisiddhi) work as maids of honour? If the toy-houses (gharakulī) made by them (Deities Riddhi-Siddhi) become the dwelling places of Gods, would not the great Indra and other Gods become her playthings? When out of displeasure with her toys, she (Goddess Lakshmi) breaks them (toy-houses) even the great Indra and other Gods turn into beggars, while any trees that chance to be sighted by Lakshmi are converted into Kalpataru trees.

Even the principal queen Lakshmi, whose biddings are done by such powerful heavenly maids of honour—shrinks into insignificance as regards divine worthiness. Lakshmi too dropped all her pride in a whole-hearted self-surrender, before she was allowed by divine grace, the good luck of washing the God’s feet. Therefore, cast off all pride of place, throw away vanity and learning and bow in all humility to all—one and all in all, and then become worthy of life divine. Even the Moon pales when the Sun of thousand rays comes forth; how then the glow-worm could go boasting of its own brilliance before the sun? Where the greatness of the goddess Lakshmi or the austerities of God Shiva are beggared into nothing, what avails the meanest power of ordinary mortals? Therefore, all self-conceit and pride of strength must be left off, and all vanity of virtue and excellence, and of good qualities or vainglory of riches must be waived to become worthy of union with Me.

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