Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.138

मृग-तृष्णा-समं वीक्ष्य संसारं क्षण-भङ्गुरम् ।
सज्जनैः सङ्गतं कुर्याद् धर्माय च सुखाय च ॥ १३८ ॥

mṛga-tṛṣṇā-samaṃ vīkṣya saṃsāraṃ kṣaṇa-bhaṅguram |
sajjanaiḥ saṅgataṃ kuryād dharmāya ca sukhāya ca || 138 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.138 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.138). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mriga, Trishna, Samam, Sama, Vikshya, Samsara, Kshana, Bhangura, Sajjana, Sangata, Dharma, Sukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.138). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mṛga-tṛṣṇā-samaṃ vīkṣya saṃsāraṃ kṣaṇa-bhaṅguram
  • mṛga -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tṛṣṇā -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • samam -
  • samam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vīkṣya -
  • vīkṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vīkṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃsāram -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kṣaṇa -
  • kṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhaṅguram -
  • bhaṅgura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaṅgura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhaṅgurā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “sajjanaiḥ saṅgataṃ kuryād dharmāya ca sukhāya ca
  • sajjanaiḥ -
  • sajjana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sajjana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • saṅgatam -
  • saṅgata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṅgata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṅgatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kuryād -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [optative active third single]
  • dharmāya -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukhāya -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.138

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.138 in Gujarati sript:
મૃગ-તૃષ્ણા-સમં વીક્ષ્ય સંસારં ક્ષણ-ભઙ્ગુરમ્ ।
સજ્જનૈઃ સઙ્ગતં કુર્યાદ્ ધર્માય ચ સુખાય ચ ॥ ૧૩૮ ॥

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