Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.130

भुवां सारवतीनां तु दानाद् उच्छिन्न उच्यते ।
भूम्य्-उत्थ-फल-दानेन सर्वेण पर-भूषणः ॥ १३० ॥

bhuvāṃ sāravatīnāṃ tu dānād ucchinna ucyate |
bhūmy-uttha-phala-dānena sarveṇa para-bhūṣaṇaḥ || 130 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.130 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.130). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhu, Saravati, Dana, Ucchinna, Ucyat, Uttha, Phala, Sarva, Para, Bhushana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.130). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhuvāṃ sāravatīnāṃ tu dānād ucchinna ucyate
  • bhuvām -
  • bhū (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural], [locative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural], [locative single]
  • sāravatīnām -
  • sāravatī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dānād -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ucchinna* -
  • ucchinna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “bhūmy-uttha-phala-dānena sarveṇa para-bhūṣaṇaḥ
  • Cannot analyse bhūmy*ut
  • uttha -
  • uttha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phala -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    phal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dānena -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sarveṇa -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • para -
  • para (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • bhūṣaṇaḥ -
  • bhūṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.130

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.130 in Gujarati sript:
ભુવાં સારવતીનાં તુ દાનાદ્ ઉચ્છિન્ન ઉચ્યતે ।
ભૂમ્ય્-ઉત્થ-ફલ-દાનેન સર્વેણ પર-ભૂષણઃ ॥ ૧૩૦ ॥

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