Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.116

स्कन्धोपनेयः सन्धिश् च षोडशः परकीर्तितः ।
इति षोडशकं प्राहुः सन्धिं सन्धि-विचक्षणाः ॥ ११६ ॥

skandhopaneyaḥ sandhiś ca ṣoḍaśaḥ parakīrtitaḥ |
iti ṣoḍaśakaṃ prāhuḥ sandhiṃ sandhi-vicakṣaṇāḥ || 116 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.116 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.116). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Skandhopaneya, Sandhi, Shodasha, Para, Kirtita, Iti, Shodashaka, Pra, Ahu, Vicakshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.116). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “skandhopaneyaḥ sandhiś ca ṣoḍaśaḥ parakīrtitaḥ
  • skandhopaneyaḥ -
  • skandhopaneya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sandhiś -
  • sandhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sandhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ṣoḍaśaḥ -
  • ṣoḍaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • para -
  • para (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • kīrtitaḥ -
  • kīrtita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kīrt -> kīrtita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kīrt class 10 verb]
  • Line 2: “iti ṣoḍaśakaṃ prāhuḥ sandhiṃ sandhi-vicakṣaṇāḥ
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • ṣoḍaśakam -
  • ṣoḍaśaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṣoḍaśaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṣoḍaśakā (noun, feminine)
  • prā -
  • prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    prā (Preverb)
    pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
  • ahuḥ -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • sandhim -
  • sandhi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    sandhi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sandhi -
  • sandhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sandhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sandhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sandhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vicakṣaṇāḥ -
  • vicakṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vicakṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.116

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.116 in Gujarati sript:
સ્કન્ધોપનેયઃ સન્ધિશ્ ચ ષોડશઃ પરકીર્તિતઃ ।
ઇતિ ષોડશકં પ્રાહુઃ સન્ધિં સન્ધિ-વિચક્ષણાઃ ॥ ૧૧૬ ॥

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