Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.114

कपाल उपहारश् च सन्तानः संगतस् तथा ।
उपन्यासः प्रतीकारः संयोगः पुरुषान्तरः ॥ ११४ ॥

kapāla upahāraś ca santānaḥ saṃgatas tathā |
upanyāsaḥ pratīkāraḥ saṃyogaḥ puruṣāntaraḥ || 114 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.114 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.114). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kapala, Upahara, Santana, Sangata, Tatha, Upanyasa, Pratikara, Samyoga, Purushantara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.114). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kapāla upahāraś ca santānaḥ saṃgatas tathā
  • kapāla* -
  • kapāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • upahāraś -
  • upahāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • santānaḥ -
  • santāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṅgatas -
  • saṅgata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “upanyāsaḥ pratīkāraḥ saṃyogaḥ puruṣāntaraḥ
  • upanyāsaḥ -
  • upanyāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratīkāraḥ -
  • pratīkāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃyogaḥ -
  • saṃyoga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • puruṣāntaraḥ -
  • puruṣāntara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.114

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.114 in Gujarati sript:
કપાલ ઉપહારશ્ ચ સન્તાનઃ સંગતસ્ તથા ।
ઉપન્યાસઃ પ્રતીકારઃ સંયોગઃ પુરુષાન્તરઃ ॥ ૧૧૪ ॥

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