Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.111

लुब्धम् अर्थेन गृह्णीयात् स्तब्धम् अञ्जलि-कर्मणा ।
मूर्खं छन्दानुरोधेन याथातथ्येन पण्डितम् ॥ १११ ॥

lubdham arthena gṛhṇīyāt stabdham añjali-karmaṇā |
mūrkhaṃ chandānurodhena yāthātathyena paṇḍitam || 111 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.111 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.111). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lubdham, Lubdha, Artha, Stabdham, Stabdha, Anjali, Karman, Murkha, Chanda, Uras, Uru, Dha, Dhena, Yathatathya, Pandita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.111). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lubdham arthena gṛhṇīyāt stabdham añjali-karmaṇā
  • lubdham -
  • lubdham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    lubdha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    lubdha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    lubdhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    lubh -> lubdha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √lubh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √lubh class 6 verb]
    lubh -> lubdha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √lubh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √lubh class 4 verb], [nominative single from √lubh class 6 verb], [accusative single from √lubh class 6 verb]
  • arthena -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • gṛhṇīyāt -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [optative active third single]
  • stabdham -
  • stabdham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    stabdha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    stabdha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    stabdhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    stabh -> stabdha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √stabh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √stabh class 5 verb], [accusative single from √stabh class 9 verb]
    stabh -> stabdha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √stabh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √stabh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √stabh class 5 verb], [accusative single from √stabh class 5 verb], [nominative single from √stabh class 9 verb], [accusative single from √stabh class 9 verb]
    stambh -> stabdha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √stambh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √stambh class 5 verb], [accusative single from √stambh class 9 verb]
    stambh -> stabdha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √stambh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √stambh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √stambh class 5 verb], [accusative single from √stambh class 5 verb], [nominative single from √stambh class 9 verb], [accusative single from √stambh class 9 verb]
  • añjali -
  • añjali (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    añjalī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    añjalī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    añjalī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • karmaṇā -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “mūrkhaṃ chandānurodhena yāthātathyena paṇḍitam
  • mūrkham -
  • mūrkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mūrkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mūrkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • chandān -
  • chanda (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • uro -
  • uras (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    uru (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • dhena -
  • dhena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yāthātathyena -
  • yāthātathya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • paṇḍitam -
  • paṇḍita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paṇḍita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paṇḍitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    paṇḍ -> paṇḍita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √paṇḍ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √paṇḍ class 10 verb]
    paṇḍ -> paṇḍita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √paṇḍ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √paṇḍ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √paṇḍ class 10 verb], [accusative single from √paṇḍ class 10 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.111

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.111 in Gujarati sript:
લુબ્ધમ્ અર્થેન ગૃહ્ણીયાત્ સ્તબ્ધમ્ અઞ્જલિ-કર્મણા ।
મૂર્ખં છન્દાનુરોધેન યાથાતથ્યેન પણ્ડિતમ્ ॥ ૧૧૧ ॥

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