Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.69

क्व गताः पृथिवी-पालाः स-सैन्य-बल-वाहनाः ।
वियोग-साक्षिणी येषां भूमिर् अद्यापि तिष्ठति ॥ ६९ ॥

kva gatāḥ pṛthivī-pālāḥ sa-sainya-bala-vāhanāḥ |
viyoga-sākṣiṇī yeṣāṃ bhūmir adyāpi tiṣṭhati || 69 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.69 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.69). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kva, Gata, Prithivi, Pala, Sainya, Bala, Vahana, Viyoga, Sakshini, Sakshin, Sakshi, Yah, Yat, Bhumi, Adyapi, Tishthat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.69). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kva gatāḥ pṛthivī-pālāḥ sa-sainya-bala-vāhanāḥ
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • gatāḥ -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pṛthivī -
  • pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pālāḥ -
  • pāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sainya -
  • sainya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sainya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bala -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vāhanāḥ -
  • vāhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vāhanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “viyoga-sākṣiṇī yeṣāṃ bhūmir adyāpi tiṣṭhati
  • viyoga -
  • viyoga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sākṣiṇī -
  • sākṣiṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sākṣin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sākṣī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yeṣām -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • bhūmir -
  • bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • adyāpi -
  • adyāpi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tiṣṭhati -
  • sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.69

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.69 in Gujarati sript:
ક્વ ગતાઃ પૃથિવી-પાલાઃ સ-સૈન્ય-બલ-વાહનાઃ ।
વિયોગ-સાક્ષિણી યેષાં ભૂમિર્ અદ્યાપિ તિષ્ઠતિ ॥ ૬૯ ॥

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