Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.39

एतैः सन्धिं न कुर्वीत विगृह्णीयात् तु केवलम् ।
एते विगृह्यमाणा हि क्षिप्रं यान्ति रिपोर् वशम् ॥ ३९ ॥

etaiḥ sandhiṃ na kurvīta vigṛhṇīyāt tu kevalam |
ete vigṛhyamāṇā hi kṣipraṃ yānti ripor vaśam || 39 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.39 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eta, Etad, Esha, Sandhi, Kevalam, Kevala, Eti, Vigrihya, Kshipram, Kshipra, Yantin, Yanti, Rip, Ripu, Vasha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etaiḥ sandhiṃ na kurvīta vigṛhṇīyāt tu kevalam
  • etaiḥ -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sandhim -
  • sandhi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    sandhi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kurvīta -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [optative middle third single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • gṛhṇīyāt -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [optative active third single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kevalam -
  • kevalam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kevala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kevala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kevalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “ete vigṛhyamāṇā hi kṣipraṃ yānti ripor vaśam
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • vigṛhyam -
  • vigṛhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vigṛhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vigṛhyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āṇā -
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kṣipram -
  • kṣipram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṣipra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣipra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣiprā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yānti -
  • yāntin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāntin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yāntī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    yāntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    yāntī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ripor -
  • rip (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    ripu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ripu (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vaśam -
  • vaśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vaśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.39

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.39 in Gujarati sript:
એતૈઃ સન્ધિં ન કુર્વીત વિગૃહ્ણીયાત્ તુ કેવલમ્ ।
એતે વિગૃહ્યમાણા હિ ક્ષિપ્રં યાન્તિ રિપોર્ વશમ્ ॥ ૩૯ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: