Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 3.130

शिष्टैर् अप्य् अवशेषज्ञ उग्रश् च कृत-नाशकः ।
त्यज्यते किं पुनर् नान्यैर् यश् चाप्य् आत्मम्भरिर् नरः ॥ १३० ॥

śiṣṭair apy avaśeṣajña ugraś ca kṛta-nāśakaḥ |
tyajyate kiṃ punar nānyair yaś cāpy ātmambharir naraḥ || 130 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 3.130 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.130). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avashesha, Jna, Ugra, Krita, Nashaka, Kim, Punar, Atmambhari, Nara, Nri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 3.130). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śiṣṭair apy avaśeṣajña ugraś ca kṛta-nāśakaḥ
  • Cannot analyse śiṣṭairapy*av
  • avaśeṣa -
  • avaśeṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jña* -
  • jña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ugraś -
  • ugra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛta -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • nāśakaḥ -
  • nāśaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tyajyate kiṃ punar nānyair yaś cāpy ātmambharir naraḥ
  • tyajyate -
  • tyaj (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
  • nānyai -
  • na (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • airya -
  • īr (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • -
  • Cannot analyse cāpy*āt
  • ātmambharir -
  • ātmambhari (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ātmambhari (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 3.130

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130 in Gujarati sript:
શિષ્ટૈર્ અપ્ય્ અવશેષજ્ઞ ઉગ્રશ્ ચ કૃત-નાશકઃ ।
ત્યજ્યતે કિં પુનર્ નાન્યૈર્ યશ્ ચાપ્ય્ આત્મમ્ભરિર્ નરઃ ॥ ૧૩૦ ॥

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