Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 3.16

उद्यतेष्व् अपि शस्त्रेषु दूतो वदति नान्यथा ।
सदैवावध्य-भावेन यथार्थस्य हि वाचकः ॥ १६ ॥

udyateṣv api śastreṣu dūto vadati nānyathā |
sadaivāvadhya-bhāvena yathārthasya hi vācakaḥ || 16 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 3.16 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Api, Shastra, Duta, Vadat, Atha, Sadaiva, Bhavena, Bhava, Yathartha, Vacaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 3.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “udyateṣv api śastreṣu dūto vadati nānyathā
  • Cannot analyse udyateṣv*ap
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • śastreṣu -
  • śastra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    śastra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • dūto* -
  • dūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vadati -
  • vad -> vadat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad -> vadat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • nānya -
  • na (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “sadaivāvadhya-bhāvena yathārthasya hi vācakaḥ
  • sadaivāva -
  • sadaiva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • adhya -
  • bhāvena -
  • bhāvena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhāva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • yathārthasya -
  • yathārtha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yathārtha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vācakaḥ -
  • vācaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 3.16

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.16 in Gujarati sript:
ઉદ્યતેષ્વ્ અપિ શસ્ત્રેષુ દૂતો વદતિ નાન્યથા ।
સદૈવાવધ્ય-ભાવેન યથાર્થસ્ય હિ વાચકઃ ॥ ૧૬ ॥

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