Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 2.157

कश्चिद् आश्रय-सौन्दर्याद् धत्ते शोभाम् असज्जनः ।
प्रमदालोचन-न्यस्तं मलीमसम् इवाञ्जनम् ॥ १५७ ॥

kaścid āśraya-saundaryād dhatte śobhām asajjanaḥ |
pramadālocana-nyastaṃ malīmasam ivāñjanam || 157 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 2.157 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.157). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kah, Cit, Ashraya, Saundarya, Shobha, Asajjana, Pramad, Pramada, Alocana, Nyasta, Malimasa, Iva, Anjana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 2.157). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kaścid āśraya-saundaryād dhatte śobhām asajjanaḥ
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • āśraya -
  • āśraya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśraya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saundaryād -
  • saundarya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • dhatte -
  • dhā (verb class 3)
    [present middle third single]
  • śobhām -
  • śobhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • asajjanaḥ -
  • asajjana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “pramadālocana-nyastaṃ malīmasam ivāñ;janam
  • pramadā -
  • pramada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pramada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pramad (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    pramadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • alocana -
  • alocana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alocana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nyastam -
  • nyasta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nyasta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nyastā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • malīmasam -
  • malīmasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    malīmasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    malīmasā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • añjanam -
  • añjana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    añjana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    añjanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 2.157

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.157 in Gujarati sript:
કશ્ચિદ્ આશ્રય-સૌન્દર્યાદ્ ધત્તે શોભામ્ અસજ્જનઃ ।
પ્રમદાલોચન-ન્યસ્તં મલીમસમ્ ઇવાઞ્જનમ્ ॥ ૧૫૭ ॥

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