Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 2.121

दुष्टा भार्या शठं मित्रं भृत्यश् चोत्तर-दायकः ।
स-सर्पे च गृहे वासो मृत्युर् एव न संशयः ॥ १२१ ॥

duṣṭā bhāryā śaṭhaṃ mitraṃ bhṛtyaś cottara-dāyakaḥ |
sa-sarpe ca gṛhe vāso mṛtyur eva na saṃśayaḥ || 121 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 2.121 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.121). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dushta, Bharya, Shatha, Mitra, Bhritya, Bhriti, Uttara, Dayaka, Sarpa, Sarpi, Grih, Griha, Vasas, Vasa, Mrityu, Eva, Samshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 2.121). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “duṣṭā bhāryā śaṭhaṃ mitraṃ bhṛtyaś cottara-dāyakaḥ
  • duṣṭā* -
  • duṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    duṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhāryā -
  • bhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ -> bhāryā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √bhṛ]
  • śaṭham -
  • śaṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mitram -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mitrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhṛtyaś -
  • bhṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛtī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhṛtī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • co -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • uttara -
  • uttara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttara (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • dāyakaḥ -
  • dāyaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sa-sarpe ca gṛhe vāso mṛtyur eva na saṃśayaḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarpe -
  • sarpa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sarpa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarpi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sarpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gṛhe -
  • gṛh (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    gṛh (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    gṛhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vāso* -
  • vāsas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtyur -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃśayaḥ -
  • saṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 2.121

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.121 in Gujarati sript:
દુષ્ટા ભાર્યા શઠં મિત્રં ભૃત્યશ્ ચોત્તર-દાયકઃ ।
સ-સર્પે ચ ગૃહે વાસો મૃત્યુર્ એવ ન સંશયઃ ॥ ૧૨૧ ॥

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