Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

अव्यापरेषु व्यापारं यो नरः कर्तुम् इच्छति ।
स एव निधनं याति कीलोत्पटीव वानरः ॥ ३० ॥

avyāpareṣu vyāpāraṃ yo naraḥ kartum icchati |
sa eva nidhanaṃ yāti kīlotpaṭīva vānaraḥ || 30 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 2.30 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avi, Avya, Apara, Vyapara, Yah, Nara, Nri, Kartu, Icchat, Eva, Nidhana, Yat, Yati, Vanara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 2.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “avyāpareṣu vyāpāraṃ yo naraḥ kartum icchati”
  • avyā -
  • avya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    avya (vocative single)
    avya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    avya (vocative single)
    avi (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avī (noun, feminine); (8 der.)
    avyā (nominative dual)
    avyā (nominative dual)
    avyā (vocative dual)
    avyā (vocative dual)
    avyā (accusative dual)
    avyā (accusative dual)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    avyā (nominative single)
    avyā (nominative single)
    u -> avya (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    u -> avya (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    u -> avyā (participle, feminine); (6 der.)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
  • apareṣu -
  • apara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    apareṣu (locative plural)
    apara (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    apareṣu (locative plural)
  • vyāpāram -
  • vyāpāra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vyāpāram (adverb)
    vyāpāram (accusative single)
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    naraḥ (nominative single)
    nṛ (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    naraḥ (nominative plural)
    naraḥ (vocative plural)
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kartu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kartum (accusative single)
    kartu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kartum (accusative single)
  • icchati -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ -> icchat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    icchati (present active third single)
  • Line2: “sa eva nidhanaṃ yāti kīlotpaṭīva vānaraḥ”
  • sa* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    saḥ (nominative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhana (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (nominative single)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
  • yāti -
  • yāti (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (nominative single)
    yāti (vocative single)
    yāti (accusative single)
    yāt (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yāti (locative single)
    yāt (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    yāti (locative single)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yāti (present active third single)
  • Cannot analyse kīlotpaṭīva*vā
  • vānaraḥ -
  • vānara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vānaraḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 2.30

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.30 in Gujarati sript:
અવ્યાપરેષુ વ્યાપારં યો નરઃ કર્તુમ્ ઇચ્છતિ ।
સ એવ નિધનં યાતિ કીલોત્પટીવ વાનરઃ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

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