Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 1.122

दारिद्र्यान् मरणाद् वापि दारिद्र्यम् अवरं स्मृतम् ।
अल्प-क्लेशेन मरणं दारिद्र्यम् अतिदुःसहम् ॥ १२२ ॥

dāridryān maraṇād vāpi dāridryam avaraṃ smṛtam |
alpa-kleśena maraṇaṃ dāridryam atiduḥsaham || 122 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.122 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.122). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Daridrya, Marana, Vapi, Vapin, Avara, Smrita, Alpa, Klesha, Atiduhsaha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.122). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dāridryān maraṇād vāpi dāridryam avaraṃ smṛtam
  • dāridryān -
  • dāridrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • maraṇād -
  • maraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • vāpi -
  • vāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dāridryam -
  • dāridrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • avaram -
  • avara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • smṛtam -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    smṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    smṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √smṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “alpa-kleśena maraṇaṃ dāridryam atiduḥsaham
  • alpa -
  • alpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kleśena -
  • kleśa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • maraṇam -
  • maraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dāridryam -
  • dāridrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • atiduḥsaham -
  • atiduḥsaha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    atiduḥsaha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    atiduḥsahā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.122

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.122 in Gujarati sript:
દારિદ્ર્યાન્ મરણાદ્ વાપિ દારિદ્ર્યમ્ અવરં સ્મૃતમ્ ।
અલ્પ-ક્લેશેન મરણં દારિદ્ર્યમ્ અતિદુઃસહમ્ ॥ ૧૨૨ ॥

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