Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

शुचित्वम् त्यागिता शौर्यं सामान्यं सुख-दुःखयोः ।
दाक्षिण्यं चानुरक्तिश् च सत्यता च सुहृद्-गुणाः ॥ ९७ ॥

śucitvam tyāgitā śauryaṃ sāmānyaṃ sukha-duḥkhayoḥ |
dākṣiṇyaṃ cānuraktiś ca satyatā ca suhṛd-guṇāḥ || 97 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.97 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.97). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shucitva, Tyagita, Shaurya, Samanyam, Samanya, Sukha, Duhkha, Dakshinya, Akti, Satyata, Suhrid, Guna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.97). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śucitvam tyāgitā śauryaṃ sāmānyaṃ sukha-duḥkhayoḥ
  • śucitvam -
  • śucitva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tyāgitā -
  • tyāgitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śauryam -
  • śaurya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sāmānyam -
  • sāmānyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sāmānya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāmānya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sāmānyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sukha -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • duḥkhayoḥ -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • Line 2: “dākṣiṇyaṃ cānuraktiś ca satyatā ca suhṛd-guṇāḥ
  • dākṣiṇyam -
  • dākṣiṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dākṣiṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dākṣiṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cān -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ur -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • aktiś -
  • akti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • satyatā -
  • satyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • suhṛd -
  • suhṛd (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    suhṛd (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • guṇāḥ -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.97

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.97 in Gujarati sript:
શુચિત્વમ્ ત્યાગિતા શૌર્યં સામાન્યં સુખ-દુઃખયોઃ ।
દાક્ષિણ્યં ચાનુરક્તિશ્ ચ સત્યતા ચ સુહૃદ્-ગુણાઃ ॥ ૯૭ ॥

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