Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

दीप-निर्वाण-गन्धं च सुहृद्-वाक्यम् अरुन्धतीम् ।
न जिघ्रन्ति न शृण्वन्ति न प्श्यन्ति गतायुषः ॥ ७७ ॥

dīpa-nirvāṇa-gandhaṃ ca suhṛd-vākyam arundhatīm |
na jighranti na śṛṇvanti na pśyanti gatāyuṣaḥ || 77 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.77 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.77). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dipa, Nirvana, Gandha, Suhrid, Vakya, Arundhati, Jighrat, Jighranti, Shrinvat, Gatayus,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.77). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dīpa-nirvāṇa-gandhaṃ ca suhṛd-vākyam arundhatīm
  • dīpa -
  • dīpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nirvāṇa -
  • nirvāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nirvāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gandham -
  • gandha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gandha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gandhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • suhṛd -
  • suhṛd (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    suhṛd (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • vākyam -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vak class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vak class 1 verb]
  • arundhatīm -
  • arundhatī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “na jighranti na śṛṇvanti na pśyanti gatāyuṣaḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jighranti -
  • ghṛ -> jighrat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ghṛ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √ghṛ class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √ghṛ class 3 verb]
    ghrā -> jighrat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ghrā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ghrā class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ghrā class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √ghrā class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √ghrā class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √ghrā class 3 verb]
    ghrā -> jighrantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ghrā class 1 verb]
    ghrā (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śṛṇvanti -
  • śru -> śṛṇvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse pśyanti*ga
  • gatāyuṣaḥ -
  • gatāyus (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gatāyus (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.77

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.77 in Gujarati sript:
દીપ-નિર્વાણ-ગન્ધં ચ સુહૃદ્-વાક્યમ્ અરુન્ધતીમ્ ।
ન જિઘ્રન્તિ ન શૃણ્વન્તિ ન પ્શ્યન્તિ ગતાયુષઃ ॥ ૭૭ ॥

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