Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

सुहृदां हित-कामानां यः शृणोति न भाषितम् ।
विपत् सन्निहिता तस्य स नरः शत्रुनन्दनः ॥ ७५ ॥

suhṛdāṃ hita-kāmānāṃ yaḥ śṛṇoti na bhāṣitam |
vipat sannihitā tasya sa naraḥ śatrunandanaḥ || 75 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.75 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.75). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suhrid, Hita, Kama, Yah, Bhashita, Vipad, Sannihita, Tad, Nara, Nri, Shatrunandana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.75). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “suhṛdāṃ hita-kāmānāṃ yaḥ śṛṇoti na bhāṣitam
  • suhṛdām -
  • suhṛd (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    suhṛd (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • hita -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • kāmānām -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śṛṇoti -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāṣitam -
  • bhāṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāṣitā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “vipat sannihitā tasya sa naraḥ śatrunandanaḥ
  • vipat -
  • vipad (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • sannihitā -
  • sannihitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • śatrunandanaḥ -
  • śatrunandana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.75

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.75 in Gujarati sript:
સુહૃદાં હિત-કામાનાં યઃ શૃણોતિ ન ભાષિતમ્ ।
વિપત્ સન્નિહિતા તસ્ય સ નરઃ શત્રુનન્દનઃ ॥ ૭૫ ॥

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