Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

एक एव सुहृद् धर्मो निधनेऽप्य् अनुयाति यः ।
शरीरेण समं नाशं सर्वम् अन्यद् हि गच्छति ॥ ६६ ॥

eka eva suhṛd dharmo nidhane'py anuyāti yaḥ |
śarīreṇa samaṃ nāśaṃ sarvam anyad hi gacchati || 66 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.66 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.66). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eka, Eva, Suhrid, Anuya, Yah, Sharira, Sama, Nasha, Sarva, Ani, Anya, Gacchat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.66). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “eka eva suhṛd dharmo nidhane'py anuyāti yaḥ”
  • eka* -
  • eka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ekaḥ (nominative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • suhṛd -
  • suhṛd (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    suhṛt (compound)
    suhṛt (adverb)
    suhṛt (nominative single)
    suhṛt (vocative single)
    suhṛd (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    suhṛt (compound)
    suhṛt (adverb)
    suhṛt (nominative single)
    suhṛt (vocative single)
  • dharmo* -
  • Cannot analyse nidhane'py*an
  • anuyā -
  • anuyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    anuyā (nominative single)
    anuyā (nominative single)
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    ati (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • Line2: “śarīreṇa samaṃ nāśaṃ sarvam anyad hi gacchati”
  • śarīreṇa -
  • śarīra (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    śarīreṇa (instrumental single)
  • samam -
  • samam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    sama (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    samam (adverb)
    samam (accusative single)
    sama (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    samam (adverb)
    samam (nominative single)
    samam (accusative single)
    samā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    samam (adverb)
  • nāśam -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nāśam (adverb)
    nāśam (accusative single)
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √naś
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √naś
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    sarva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sarvam (adverb)
    sarvam (accusative single)
    sarva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    sarvam (nominative single)
    sarvam (accusative single)
  • anya -
  • ani (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    anī (nominative dual)
    anī (vocative dual)
    anī (accusative dual)
    anī (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    ani (adverb)
    anī (nominative single)
    ani (vocative single)
    anya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    anya (vocative single)
    an -> anya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √an
  • ad -
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • gacchati -
  • gacchat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    gacchati (locative single)
    gacchat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    gacchati (locative single)
    gam (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    gacchati (present active third single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.66

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.66 in Gujarati sript:
એક એવ સુહૃદ્ ધર્મો નિધનેઽપ્ય્ અનુયાતિ યઃ ।
શરીરેણ સમં નાશં સર્વમ્ અન્યદ્ હિ ગચ્છતિ ॥ ૬૬ ॥

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