Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

जाति-द्रव्य-बलानां च साम्यम् एषां मया सह ।
मत्-प्रभुत्व-फलं ब्रूहि कदा किं तद् भविष्यति ॥ ४५ ॥

jāti-dravya-balānāṃ ca sāmyam eṣāṃ mayā saha |
mat-prabhutva-phalaṃ brūhi kadā kiṃ tad bhaviṣyati || 45 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.45 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jati, Dravya, Bala, Samya, Idam, Maya, Asmad, Saha, Prabhutva, Phala, Kada, Kim, Tad, Tat, Bhavishyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jāti-dravya-balānāṃ ca sāmyam eṣāṃ mayā saha
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • dravya -
  • dravya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dravya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balānām -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    balā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sāmyam -
  • sāmya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • eṣām -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “mat-prabhutva-phalaṃ brūhi kadā kiṃ tad bhaviṣyati
  • mat -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [ablative single]
  • prabhutva -
  • prabhutva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phalam -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    phalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • brūhi -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kadā -
  • kadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    kadā (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhaviṣyati -
  • bhaviṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhaviṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.45

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.45 in Gujarati sript:
જાતિ-દ્રવ્ય-બલાનાં ચ સામ્યમ્ એષાં મયા સહ ।
મત્-પ્રભુત્વ-ફલં બ્રૂહિ કદા કિં તદ્ ભવિષ્યતિ ॥ ૪૫ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: