Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

लोभात् क्रोधः प्रभवति लोभात् कामः प्रजायते ।
लोभान् मोहश् च नाशश् च लोभः पापस्य कारणम् ॥ २७ ॥

lobhāt krodhaḥ prabhavati lobhāt kāmaḥ prajāyate |
lobhān mohaś ca nāśaś ca lobhaḥ pāpasya kāraṇam || 27 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.27 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lobha, Krodha, Prabhavat, Kama, Praja, Tad, Yushmad, Moha, Nasha, Papa, Karana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lobhāt krodhaḥ prabhavati lobhāt kāmaḥ prajāyate
  • lobhāt -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • krodhaḥ -
  • krodha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prabhavati -
  • prabhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prabhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • lobhāt -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • kāmaḥ -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prajāya -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    praja (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “lobhān mohaś ca nāśaś ca lobhaḥ pāpasya kāraṇam
  • lobhān -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • mohaś -
  • moha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nāśaś -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lobhaḥ -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāpasya -
  • pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • kāraṇam -
  • kāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.27

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.27 in Gujarati sript:
લોભાત્ ક્રોધઃ પ્રભવતિ લોભાત્ કામઃ પ્રજાયતે ।
લોભાન્ મોહશ્ ચ નાશશ્ ચ લોભઃ પાપસ્ય કારણમ્ ॥ ૨૭ ॥

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