Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

सुजीर्णम् अन्नं सुविचक्षणः सुतः सुशासिता स्त्री नृपतिः सुसेवितः ।
सुचिन्त्य चोक्तं सुविचार्य यत् कृतं सुदीर्घ-कालेऽपि न याति विक्रियाम् ॥ २२ ॥

sujīrṇam annaṃ suvicakṣaṇaḥ sutaḥ suśāsitā strī nṛpatiḥ susevitaḥ |
sucintya coktaṃ suvicārya yat kṛtaṃ sudīrgha-kāle'pi na yāti vikriyām || 22 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.22 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sujirna, Anna, Suvicakshana, Sut, Suta, Sushasita, Stri, Nripati, Susevita, Sucintya, Ukta, Suvicarya, Yat, Yad, Krit, Krita, Sudirgha, Kale, Kala, Api, Yati, Vikriya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sujīrṇam annaṃ suvicakṣaṇaḥ sutaḥ suśāsitā strī nṛpatiḥ susevitaḥ
  • sujīrṇam -
  • sujīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sujīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sujīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • annam -
  • anna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    annā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • suvicakṣaṇaḥ -
  • suvicakṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sutaḥ -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • suśāsitā -
  • suśāsitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • strī -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • nṛpatiḥ -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • susevitaḥ -
  • susevita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sucintya coktaṃ suvicārya yat kṛtaṃ sudīrgha-kāle'pi na yāti vikriyām
  • sucintya -
  • sucintya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sucintya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • co -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • uktam -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • suvicārya -
  • suvicārya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • sudīrgha -
  • sudīrgha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sudīrgha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāle' -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yāti -
  • yāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yāt (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • vikriyām -
  • vikriyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.22

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.22 in Gujarati sript:
સુજીર્ણમ્ અન્નં સુવિચક્ષણઃ સુતઃ સુશાસિતા સ્ત્રી નૃપતિઃ સુસેવિતઃ ।
સુચિન્ત્ય ચોક્તં સુવિચાર્ય યત્ કૃતં સુદીર્ઘ-કાલેઽપિ ન યાતિ વિક્રિયામ્ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

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