Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 0.36

उद्यमेन हि सिध्यन्ति कार्याणि न मनोरथैः ।
नहि सुप्तस्य सिंहस्य प्रविशन्ति मुखे मृगाः ॥ ३६ ॥

udyamena hi sidhyanti kāryāṇi na manorathaiḥ |
nahi suptasya siṃhasya praviśanti mukhe mṛgāḥ || 36 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 0.36 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.36). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Udyama, Sidhyat, Sidhyanti, Karya, Manoratha, Nahi, Supta, Simha, Pravishat, Pravishanti, Mukha, Mriga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 0.36). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “udyamena hi sidhyanti kāryāṇi na manorathaiḥ
  • udyamena -
  • udyama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sidhyanti -
  • sidh -> sidhyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √sidh class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √sidh class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √sidh class 4 verb]
    sidh -> sidhyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √sidh class 4 verb]
    sidh (verb class 4)
    [present active third plural]
  • kāryāṇi -
  • kārya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ], [vocative plural from √kṛ], [accusative plural from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 3 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṝ -> kārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • manorathaiḥ -
  • manoratha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “nahi suptasya siṃhasya praviśanti mukhe mṛgāḥ
  • nahi -
  • nahi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nahi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nahi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • suptasya -
  • supta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    supta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    svap -> supta (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √svap class 2 verb]
    svap -> supta (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √svap class 2 verb]
  • siṃhasya -
  • siṃha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • praviśanti -
  • praviśantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    praviśantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    praviśantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    praviśat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mukhe -
  • mukha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mukha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • mṛgāḥ -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mṛgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 0.36

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.36 in Gujarati sript:
ઉદ્યમેન હિ સિધ્યન્તિ કાર્યાણિ ન મનોરથૈઃ ।
નહિ સુપ્તસ્ય સિંહસ્ય પ્રવિશન્તિ મુખે મૃગાઃ ॥ ૩૬ ॥

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