Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 0.31

पूर्व-जन्म-कृतं कर्म तद् दैवम् इति कथ्यते ।
तस्मात् पुरुषकारेण यत्नं कुर्याद् अतन्द्रितः ॥ ३१ ॥

pūrva-janma-kṛtaṃ karma tad daivam iti kathyate |
tasmāt puruṣakāreṇa yatnaṃ kuryād atandritaḥ || 31 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 0.31 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purva, Janma, Janman, Krit, Krita, Karman, Tad, Tat, Daiva, Iti, Tasmat, Purushakara, Yatna, Atandrita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 0.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pūrva-janma-kṛtaṃ karma tad daivam iti kathyate
  • pūrva -
  • pūrva (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • janma -
  • janma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    janma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    janman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • daivam -
  • daiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    daiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • kathyate -
  • kath (verb class 10)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “tasmāt puruṣakāreṇa yatnaṃ kuryād atandritaḥ
  • tasmāt -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • puruṣakāreṇa -
  • puruṣakāra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • yatnam -
  • yatna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kuryād -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [optative active third single]
  • atandritaḥ -
  • atandrita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 0.31

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.31 in Gujarati sript:
પૂર્વ-જન્મ-કૃતં કર્મ તદ્ દૈવમ્ ઇતિ કથ્યતે ।
તસ્માત્ પુરુષકારેણ યત્નં કુર્યાદ્ અતન્દ્રિતઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

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