History of Indian Medicine (and Ayurveda)

by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society | 1949 | 162,724 words | ISBN-13: 9788176370813

The History of Indian medicine and Ayurveda (i.e., the science of life) represents the introductory pages of the Charaka Samhita composed of six large sections dealing with every facet of Medicine in ancient India in a Socio-Historical context. Caraka is regarded as one of the pioneers in the field of scientific healthcare. As an important final a...

Chapter 12b - Routine observed during Various Other Procedures

Procedure for Discharging a Patient

[Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 15.17]

“On finding that he has regained his vitality, complexion and cheerfulness of mind, and after he has slept happily, digested his food well, taken a full bath, and painted the body with sandal, has put on garlands and untorn clothes, and has adorned himself with befitting ornaments, he should be shown round to his kinsmen after being presented to his friends. Thenceforward, he should be left to resume his normal activities

Attending a Wine party

[Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 24.11-12]

“Having attended to the internal and external needs of the body and having bathed and painted himself with fragrant sandal, a person must wear clean clothing along with ornaments and fragrances suitable to the seas ms. Then decking himself with garlands of variegated flowers and with jewels and ornaments, he should worship the gods and the Brahmanas and touch the most auspicious articles”

Going for a Dinner

[Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 8.20]

“Partake not of a meal without wearing a jewel on the hand, without having had a bath; clad in tattered clothes, without saying your prayers, without performing the Homa, without offering to the household gods and the manes, without first feeding the elders, guests and dependants, unscented, ungarlanded, without cleansing the hands, feet and face, with unclean mouth, with the face towards north, listlessly;......”.

The Student Beginning his Work

[Carakasaṃhitā Vimānasthāna 8.7]

“The student who is healthy and has consecrated all his time for study, should rise at dawn or while yet a portion of the flight. It left and having performed the necessary ablutions and having saluted the gods, the seers, the cows, the Brahmanas, the guardians, the elders, the adepts and the teachers.”

The Student’s Initiation

[Carakasaṃhitā Vimānasthāna 8.7]

“The teacher should address himself to the disciple who has thus come to him desiring to study and who sits close in reverenital mood, and say unto him, ‘Come and sit at my feet for instruction, in the northern solstice of the year, in the bright half of the month, on an auspicious day, when the moon is in conjunction with the constellation of Pusya or Hasta or Shravana or the Ashvini, and in an auspicious Karana and Muhurta, having taken the tonsure, having fasted and bathed, and clad in brown garment, bringing in your hands fragrant articles and dry twigs, fire, ghee, sandal paint and water-pots, also flower-garlands, a lamp, gold, ornaments of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls and corals, silken garments, sacrificial stakes, also holding in your hand the sacrificial grass, fried paddy, white mustard seeds ana white rice grains, and flowers strung in garlands as well as loose, and pure articles of food and rubbed sandal paste”.

A Gravida Going to Maternity Home

[Carakasaṃhitā Śārīrasthāna 8.35]

“When the ninth month is running, on an auspicious day, when the sacred moon is. propitious and favourable, and is in conjunction with a favourable asterism as also the Karana is favourable and the Muhurta is friendly, having brought the cows, the Brahmanas, the fire and the water into the house at first, and having given grass water and fried rice mixed with honey to the cows and to the Brahmanas, who have been presented water and seated, having offered colored rice, flowers and pleasant fruits indicative of good fortune, having bowed to them and having sipped water once again, she should seek their blessings. Then, keeping the cows and the Brahmanas to her right and following them to the accompaniment of the benedictory cry ‘this is a good day’, the expectant mother should enter the lying-in room Dwelling therein she should await the time of delivery”

Going. For ‘Naming’

[Carakasaṃhitā Śārīrasthāna 8.50]

“On the tenth day, the woman, together with the child, should bathe in water treated with all fragrant herbs and with white rapeseed and lodh, put on light, new and clean garments, deck herself with pure, coveted, light and variegated ornaments, touch auspicious objects and worship the appropriate deity, receive the blessings of Brahmanas with unshorn locks, white garments and whole bodies, then having wrapped the child who should be placed with his head either towards the east or the north in the folds of a new garment, and declaring that it (the child) salutes the twice-born headed by the gods, the father of the child should give it two names: one name denoting the constellation under which it was born and the other of intended meaning”

Procedure at Kutipravesha

[Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 1/1, 21-23]

“Thereafter, during the sun’s northern course, in the bright half of the month, when the day and the constellation are propitious and the Muhurta and Karana are favourable, the man seeking rejuvenation, should, being shaved, enter the retreat, having fortified himself in his resolution' arid purpose, full of faith and single-mindedness, having cast off all sins of the heart, cherishing good will for all creatures, having first worshipped the gods and then the twice-born, and having performed the circumambulation of the gods, the cows and the Brahmanas”.

Going to Surgical Room. For Operation

[Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 5.7]

“Thereafter when the day, Karana Muhurta and constellation are propitious, the patient who has taken a light meal, should be seated with his face towards the east, after worshipping the fire, the Brahmanas and the physicians by curds, rice, eats and drinks and jewels, and after performing auspicious rites and Svastivacana and after offering oblations”.

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