Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 23.31

इत्युक्तो विभुना राजा बलिः शान्तिं परां ययौ ।
तस्य ते तनयाः सर्वे क्षेत्रजामुनिपुंगवाः ।
संभूता दीर्घतपसः सुदेष्णायां महौजसः ।
बलिस्तानभिषिच्ये ह पञ्च पुत्रानकल्मषान् ॥ कृतार्थः सोऽपि योगात्मा योगमाश्रित्य स प्रभुः ।
अधृष्यः सर्वभूतानां कालापेक्षी चरत्युत ।
कालेन महता राजन् स्वं च स्थानमुपागमत् ॥ ३१ ॥

ityukto vibhunā rājā baliḥ śāntiṃ parāṃ yayau |
tasya te tanayāḥ sarve kṣetrajāmunipuṃgavāḥ |
saṃbhūtā dīrghatapasaḥ sudeṣṇāyāṃ mahaujasaḥ |
balistānabhiṣicye ha pañca putrānakalmaṣān || kṛtārthaḥ so'pi yogātmā yogamāśritya sa prabhuḥ |
adhṛṣyaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ kālāpekṣī caratyuta |
kālena mahatā rājan svaṃ ca sthānamupāgamat || 31 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 23.31 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (23.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vibhu, Raja, Bali, Shanti, Para, Yayi, Yayu, Tad, Yushmad, Tanaya, Sarva, Kshetraja, Pungava, Sambhuta, Dirghatapas, Sudeshna, Mahaujas, Han, Panca, Putra, Akalmasha, Kritartha, Sah, Api, Yogatman, Yoga, Ashritya, Prabhu, Adhrishya, Sarvabhuta, Kalapa, Ikshi, Uta, Kalena, Kala, Mahata, Rajan, Rajat, Sva, Sthana, Upa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 23.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ityukto vibhunā rājā baliḥ śāntiṃ parāṃ yayau
  • ityukto -
  • vibhunā -
  • vibhu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vibhu (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vibhū (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • baliḥ -
  • bali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śāntim -
  • śānti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śānti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • parām -
  • parā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tasya te tanayāḥ sarve kṣetrajāmunipuṃgavāḥ
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tanayāḥ -
  • tanaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tanayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṣetrajām -
  • kṣetrajā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • uni -
  • ū (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • puṅgavāḥ -
  • puṅgava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 3: “saṃbhūtā dīrghatapasaḥ sudeṣṇāyāṃ mahaujasaḥ
  • sambhūtā* -
  • sambhūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sambhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dīrghatapasaḥ -
  • dīrghatapas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dīrghatapas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sudeṣṇāyām -
  • sudeṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • mahaujasaḥ -
  • mahaujas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahaujas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 4: “balistānabhiṣicye ha pañca putrānakalmaṣān
  • Cannot analyse balistānabhiṣicye*ha
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pañca -
  • pañca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • putrān -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • akalmaṣān -
  • akalmaṣa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 5: “kṛtārthaḥ so'pi yogātmā yogamāśritya sa prabhuḥ
  • kṛtārthaḥ -
  • kṛtārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yogātmā -
  • yogātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yogam -
  • yoga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yogā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āśritya -
  • āśritya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    āśritya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśritya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prabhuḥ -
  • prabhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    prabhu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 6: “adhṛṣyaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ kālāpekṣī caratyuta
  • adhṛṣyaḥ -
  • adhṛṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvabhūtānām -
  • sarvabhūta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sarvabhūta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sarvabhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • kālāpe -
  • kālāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    kālāpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • īkṣī -
  • īkṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • caratyu -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • Line 7: “kālena mahatā rājan svaṃ ca sthānamupāgamat
  • kālena -
  • kālena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • mahatā* -
  • mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sthānam -
  • sthāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    upā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • agamat -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 23.31

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 23.31 in Telugu sript:
ఇత్యుక్తో విభునా రాజా బలిః శాన్తిం పరాం యయౌ ।
తస్య తే తనయాః సర్వే క్షేత్రజామునిపుంగవాః ।
సంభూతా దీర్ఘతపసః సుదేష్ణాయాం మహౌజసః ।
బలిస్తానభిషిచ్యే హ పఞ్చ పుత్రానకల్మషాన్ ॥
కృతార్థః సోఽపి యోగాత్మా యోగమాశ్రిత్య స ప్రభుః ।
అధృష్యః సర్వభూతానాం కాలాపేక్షీ చరత్యుత ।
కాలేన మహతా రాజన్ స్వం చ స్థానముపాగమత్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

Buy now!

Preview of verse 23.31 in Gujarati sript:
ઇત્યુક્તો વિભુના રાજા બલિઃ શાન્તિં પરાં યયૌ ।
તસ્ય તે તનયાઃ સર્વે ક્ષેત્રજામુનિપુંગવાઃ ।
સંભૂતા દીર્ઘતપસઃ સુદેષ્ણાયાં મહૌજસઃ ।
બલિસ્તાનભિષિચ્યે હ પઞ્ચ પુત્રાનકલ્મષાન્ ॥
કૃતાર્થઃ સોઽપિ યોગાત્મા યોગમાશ્રિત્ય સ પ્રભુઃ ।
અધૃષ્યઃ સર્વભૂતાનાં કાલાપેક્ષી ચરત્યુત ।
કાલેન મહતા રાજન્ સ્વં ચ સ્થાનમુપાગમત્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 23.31 in Kannada sript:
ಇತ್ಯುಕ್ತೋ ವಿಭುನಾ ರಾಜಾ ಬಲಿಃ ಶಾನ್ತಿಂ ಪರಾಂ ಯಯೌ ।
ತಸ್ಯ ತೇ ತನಯಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರಜಾಮುನಿಪುಂಗವಾಃ ।
ಸಂಭೂತಾ ದೀರ್ಘತಪಸಃ ಸುದೇಷ್ಣಾಯಾಂ ಮಹೌಜಸಃ ।
ಬಲಿಸ್ತಾನಭಿಷಿಚ್ಯೇ ಹ ಪಞ್ಚ ಪುತ್ರಾನಕಲ್ಮಷಾನ್ ॥
ಕೃತಾರ್ಥಃ ಸೋಽಪಿ ಯೋಗಾತ್ಮಾ ಯೋಗಮಾಶ್ರಿತ್ಯ ಸ ಪ್ರಭುಃ ।
ಅಧೃಷ್ಯಃ ಸರ್ವಭೂತಾನಾಂ ಕಾಲಾಪೇಕ್ಷೀ ಚರತ್ಯುತ ।
ಕಾಲೇನ ಮಹತಾ ರಾಜನ್ ಸ್ವಂ ಚ ಸ್ಥಾನಮುಪಾಗಮತ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

Buy now!
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