Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 10.23

हरिश्चन्द्रस्य तु सुतो रोहितो नाम विश्रुतः ।
येनेदं रोहितपुरं कारितंराज्यसिद्धये ॥ कृत्वा राज्यं स राजर्षिः पालयित्वा तथा प्रजाः ।
संसारासारतां ज्ञात्वा द्विजेभ्यस्तत्पुरं ददौ ।
हरितो रोहितस्याथ चञ्चुर्हारीत उच्यते ।
विजयश्च सुदेवश्च चञ्चुपुत्रौ बभूवतुः ।
जेता क्षत्रस्य सर्वस्य विजयस्तेन स स्मृतः ॥ रुरुकस्तनयस्तस्य राजधर्मार्थकोविदः ।
हरितो जज्ञिवांस्ततः तथैव लोके धर्मात्मा ।
रोहितस्य वृकः पुत्रो वृकाद्बाहुस्तु जज्ञिवान् ॥ २३ ॥

hariścandrasya tu suto rohito nāma viśrutaḥ |
yenedaṃ rohitapuraṃ kāritaṃrājyasiddhaye || kṛtvā rājyaṃ sa rājarṣiḥ pālayitvā tathā prajāḥ |
saṃsārāsāratāṃ jñātvā dvijebhyastatpuraṃ dadau |
harito rohitasyātha cañcurhārīta ucyate |
vijayaśca sudevaśca cañcuputrau babhūvatuḥ |
jetā kṣatrasya sarvasya vijayastena sa smṛtaḥ || rurukastanayastasya rājadharmārthakovidaḥ |
harito jajñivāṃstataḥ tathaiva loke dharmātmā |
rohitasya vṛkaḥ putro vṛkādbāhustu jajñivān || 23 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 10.23 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Harishcandra, Sut, Suta, Rohit, Rohita, Naman, Vishruta, Yena, Yah, Yat, Idam, Rohitapura, Karita, Rajya, Raji, Rajin, Raj, Asiddhi, Kritva, Kritvan, Rajarshi, Tatha, Praja, Prajas, Samsara, Asarata, Dvija, Tat, Tad, Pur, Pura, Dad, Dada, Dadi, Harit, Harita, Atha, Cancu, Ucyat, Vijaya, Sudeva, Putra, Jetri, Jeta, Kshatra, Sarva, Tena, Smrita, Ruruka, Tanaya, Rajadharma, Rajadharman, Arthakovida, Jajnivas, Tatah, Tata, Loka, Dharmatman, Vrika, Bahu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 10.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hariścandrasya tu suto rohito nāma viśrutaḥ
  • hariścandrasya -
  • hariścandra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    hariścandra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • suto* -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • rohito* -
  • rohit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    rohit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    rohita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ruh -> rohita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ruh]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • viśrutaḥ -
  • viśruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yenedaṃ rohitapuraṃ kāritaṃrājyasiddhaye
  • yene -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rohitapuram -
  • rohitapura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kāritaṃ -
  • kārita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kārita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāritā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kārita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kāritā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ], [accusative single from √kṛ]
  • rājya -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rāji (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rāji (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rājī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    rājin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • asiddhaye -
  • asiddhi (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
  • Line 3: “kṛtvā rājyaṃ sa rājarṣiḥ pālayitvā tathā prajāḥ
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājarṣiḥ -
  • rājarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pālayitvā -
  • pāl -> pālayitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pāl]
    -> pālayitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prajāḥ -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 4: “saṃsārāsāratāṃ jñātvā dvijebhyastatpuraṃ dadau
  • saṃsārā -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • asāratām -
  • asāratā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • jñātvā -
  • jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
    jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
  • dvijebhyas -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • puram -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • dadau -
  • dad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dadi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dadi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    de (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 5: “harito rohitasyātha cañcurhārīta ucyate
  • harito* -
  • harit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    harit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    harita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rohitasyā -
  • rohita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ruh -> rohita (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √ruh]
    ruh -> rohita (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √ruh]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • cañcur -
  • cañcu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cañcu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • hārīta* -
  • hārīta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 6: “vijayaśca sudevaśca cañcuputrau babhūvatuḥ
  • vijayaś -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sudevaś -
  • sudeva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cañcu -
  • cañcu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cañcu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cañcu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cañcū (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • putrau -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • babhūvatuḥ -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • Line 7: “jetā kṣatrasya sarvasya vijayastena sa smṛtaḥ
  • jetā -
  • jetṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jetā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    ji (verb class 9)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • kṣatrasya -
  • kṣatra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • sarvasya -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • vijayas -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • smṛtaḥ -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • Line 8: “rurukastanayastasya rājadharmārthakovidaḥ
  • rurukas -
  • ruruka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tanayas -
  • tanaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rājadharmā -
  • rājadharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rājadharman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    rājadharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arthakovidaḥ -
  • arthakovida (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 9: “harito jajñivāṃstataḥ tathaiva loke dharmātmā
  • harito* -
  • harit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    harit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    harita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jajñivāṃs -
  • jajñivas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jan -> jajñivas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jan class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 2 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 4 verb]
    jñā -> jajñivas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • dharmātmā -
  • dharmātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 10: “rohitasya vṛkaḥ putro vṛkādbāhustu jajñivān
  • rohitasya -
  • rohita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ruh -> rohita (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √ruh]
    ruh -> rohita (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √ruh]
  • vṛkaḥ -
  • vṛka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • putro* -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vṛkād -
  • vṛka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • bāhus -
  • bāhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • jajñivān -
  • jajñivas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jan -> jajñivas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jan class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 2 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 4 verb]
    jñā -> jajñivas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 10.23

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 10.23 in Telugu sript:
హరిశ్చన్ద్రస్య తు సుతో రోహితో నామ విశ్రుతః ।
యేనేదం రోహితపురం కారితంరాజ్యసిద్ధయే ॥
కృత్వా రాజ్యం స రాజర్షిః పాలయిత్వా తథా ప్రజాః ।
సంసారాసారతాం జ్ఞాత్వా ద్విజేభ్యస్తత్పురం దదౌ ।
హరితో రోహితస్యాథ చఞ్చుర్హారీత ఉచ్యతే ।
విజయశ్చ సుదేవశ్చ చఞ్చుపుత్రౌ బభూవతుః ।
జేతా క్షత్రస్య సర్వస్య విజయస్తేన స స్మృతః ॥
రురుకస్తనయస్తస్య రాజధర్మార్థకోవిదః ।
హరితో జజ్ఞివాంస్తతః తథైవ లోకే ధర్మాత్మా ।
రోహితస్య వృకః పుత్రో వృకాద్బాహుస్తు జజ్ఞివాన్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

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Preview of verse 10.23 in Gujarati sript:
હરિશ્ચન્દ્રસ્ય તુ સુતો રોહિતો નામ વિશ્રુતઃ ।
યેનેદં રોહિતપુરં કારિતંરાજ્યસિદ્ધયે ॥
કૃત્વા રાજ્યં સ રાજર્ષિઃ પાલયિત્વા તથા પ્રજાઃ ।
સંસારાસારતાં જ્ઞાત્વા દ્વિજેભ્યસ્તત્પુરં દદૌ ।
હરિતો રોહિતસ્યાથ ચઞ્ચુર્હારીત ઉચ્યતે ।
વિજયશ્ચ સુદેવશ્ચ ચઞ્ચુપુત્રૌ બભૂવતુઃ ।
જેતા ક્ષત્રસ્ય સર્વસ્ય વિજયસ્તેન સ સ્મૃતઃ ॥
રુરુકસ્તનયસ્તસ્ય રાજધર્માર્થકોવિદઃ ।
હરિતો જજ્ઞિવાંસ્તતઃ તથૈવ લોકે ધર્માત્મા ।
રોહિતસ્ય વૃકઃ પુત્રો વૃકાદ્બાહુસ્તુ જજ્ઞિવાન્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

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Preview of verse 10.23 in Kannada sript:
ಹರಿಶ್ಚನ್ದ್ರಸ್ಯ ತು ಸುತೋ ರೋಹಿತೋ ನಾಮ ವಿಶ್ರುತಃ ।
ಯೇನೇದಂ ರೋಹಿತಪುರಂ ಕಾರಿತಂರಾಜ್ಯಸಿದ್ಧಯೇ ॥
ಕೃತ್ವಾ ರಾಜ್ಯಂ ಸ ರಾಜರ್ಷಿಃ ಪಾಲಯಿತ್ವಾ ತಥಾ ಪ್ರಜಾಃ ।
ಸಂಸಾರಾಸಾರತಾಂ ಜ್ಞಾತ್ವಾ ದ್ವಿಜೇಭ್ಯಸ್ತತ್ಪುರಂ ದದೌ ।
ಹರಿತೋ ರೋಹಿತಸ್ಯಾಥ ಚಞ್ಚುರ್ಹಾರೀತ ಉಚ್ಯತೇ ।
ವಿಜಯಶ್ಚ ಸುದೇವಶ್ಚ ಚಞ್ಚುಪುತ್ರೌ ಬಭೂವತುಃ ।
ಜೇತಾ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಸ್ಯ ಸರ್ವಸ್ಯ ವಿಜಯಸ್ತೇನ ಸ ಸ್ಮೃತಃ ॥
ರುರುಕಸ್ತನಯಸ್ತಸ್ಯ ರಾಜಧರ್ಮಾರ್ಥಕೋವಿದಃ ।
ಹರಿತೋ ಜಜ್ಞಿವಾಂಸ್ತತಃ ತಥೈವ ಲೋಕೇ ಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮಾ ।
ರೋಹಿತಸ್ಯ ವೃಕಃ ಪುತ್ರೋ ವೃಕಾದ್ಬಾಹುಸ್ತು ಜಜ್ಞಿವಾನ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

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