Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 9.20

तत्पुरूरवसे प्रादाद् राज्यं प्राप्य महायशाः ।
चक्रवर्ती महाराज बभूव जनमेजय ।
सुद्युम्नः कारयामास प्रतिष्ठाने नृपक्रियाम् ।
धृष्णुकश्चाम्बरीषश्च दण्डश्चेतीह ते त्रयः ।
यश्चकार महात्मा वै दण्डकारण्यमुत्तमम् ॥ वनं तल् लोकविख्यातं तापसानामनुत्तमम् ।
तत्र प्रविष्टमात्रस्तु नरः पापात्प्रमुच्यते ॥ सुद्युम्नश्च दिवं यात एडमुत्पाद्य भारत ।
उत्कलस्य त्रयः पुत्रास्त्रिषु लोकेषु विश्रुताः ।
मानवेयो महाराज स्त्रीपुंसोर्लक्षणैर्युतः ॥ २० ॥

tatpurūravase prādād rājyaṃ prāpya mahāyaśāḥ |
cakravartī mahārāja babhūva janamejaya |
sudyumnaḥ kārayāmāsa pratiṣṭhāne nṛpakriyām |
dhṛṣṇukaścāmbarīṣaśca daṇḍaścetīha te trayaḥ |
yaścakāra mahātmā vai daṇḍakāraṇyamuttamam || vanaṃ tal lokavikhyātaṃ tāpasānāmanuttamam |
tatra praviṣṭamātrastu naraḥ pāpātpramucyate || sudyumnaśca divaṃ yāta eḍamutpādya bhārata |
utkalasya trayaḥ putrāstriṣu lokeṣu viśrutāḥ |
mānaveyo mahārāja strīpuṃsorlakṣaṇairyutaḥ || 20 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 9.20 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tat, Tad, Pururavas, Pururavasa, Pra, Prat, Rajya, Prapya, Mahayashas, Mahayasha, Cakravartin, Cakravarti, Maharaja, Maharajan, Janamejaya, Sudyumna, Pratishthana, Nripakriya, Dhrishnuka, Isha, Danda, Ceti, Iha, Yushmad, Traya, Tri, Yah, Cakara, Mahatma, Dandakaranya, Uttamam, Uttama, Vana, Loka, Vikhyata, Tapasa, Anuttama, Tatra, Pravishta, Nara, Nri, Papa, Pram, Ucyat, Div, Diva, Yat, Yata, Yatri, Eda, Utpadya, Bharata, Utkala, Putra, Vishruta, Manaveya, Stripumsa, Lakshana, Yut, Yuta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 9.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatpurūravase prādād rājyaṃ prāpya mahāyaśāḥ
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • purūravase -
  • purūravas (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    purūravas (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    purūravasa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    purūravasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prād -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    prā -> prāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √prā class 2 verb], [vocative single from √prā class 2 verb], [accusative single from √prā class 2 verb]
  • ād -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • prāpya -
  • prāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāyaśāḥ -
  • mahāyaśas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mahāyaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahāyaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “cakravartī mahārāja babhūva janamejaya
  • cakravartī -
  • cakravartī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    cakravartī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    cakravartin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • babhūva -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • janamejaya -
  • janamejaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “sudyumnaḥ kārayāmāsa pratiṣṭhāne nṛpakriyām
  • sudyumnaḥ -
  • sudyumna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kārayāmā -
  • kṛ (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • pratiṣṭhāne -
  • pratiṣṭhāna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pratiṣṭhāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • nṛpakriyām -
  • nṛpakriyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 4: “dhṛṣṇukaścāmbarīṣaśca daṇḍaścetīha te trayaḥ
  • dhṛṣṇukaś -
  • dhṛṣṇuka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ba -
  • ba (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • īṣaś -
  • īṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • daṇḍaś -
  • daṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cetī -
  • cetī (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ceti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ceti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ceti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cetī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 5: “yaścakāra mahātmā vai daṇḍakāraṇyamuttamam
  • yaś -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • mahātmā* -
  • mahātmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • daṇḍakāraṇyam -
  • daṇḍakāraṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • uttamam -
  • uttamam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uttama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 6: “vanaṃ tal lokavikhyātaṃ tāpasānāmanuttamam
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tal -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • loka -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vikhyātam -
  • vikhyāta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vikhyāta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vikhyātā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tāpasānām -
  • tāpasa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    tāpasa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    tāpasā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • anuttamam -
  • anuttama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anuttama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anuttamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 7: “tatra praviṣṭamātrastu naraḥ pāpātpramucyate
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • praviṣṭam -
  • praviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    praviṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    praviṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āt -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ras -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • pāpāt -
  • pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • pram -
  • pram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 8: “sudyumnaśca divaṃ yāta eḍamutpādya bhārata
  • sudyumnaś -
  • sudyumna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • divam -
  • diva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    divan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    divā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    div (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • yāta* -
  • yāt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    -> yāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    yātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • eḍam -
  • eḍa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eḍa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    eḍā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • utpādya -
  • utpādya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utpādya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 9: “utkalasya trayaḥ putrāstriṣu lokeṣu viśrutāḥ
  • utkalasya -
  • utkala (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • putrās -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • triṣu -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • lokeṣu -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • viśrutāḥ -
  • viśruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśrutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 10: “mānaveyo mahārāja strīpuṃsorlakṣaṇairyutaḥ
  • mānaveyo* -
  • mānaveya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • strīpuṃso -
  • strīpuṃsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ur -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • lakṣaṇair -
  • lakṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    lakṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yutaḥ -
  • yut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yu -> yuta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yu class 2 verb], [nominative single from √yu class 6 verb], [nominative single from √yu class 9 verb]
    yu -> yuta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yu class 3 verb]
    yu (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 9.20

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.20 in Telugu sript:
తత్పురూరవసే ప్రాదాద్ రాజ్యం ప్రాప్య మహాయశాః ।
చక్రవర్తీ మహారాజ బభూవ జనమేజయ ।
సుద్యుమ్నః కారయామాస ప్రతిష్ఠానే నృపక్రియామ్ ।
ధృష్ణుకశ్చామ్బరీషశ్చ దణ్డశ్చేతీహ తే త్రయః ।
యశ్చకార మహాత్మా వై దణ్డకారణ్యముత్తమమ్ ॥
వనం తల్ లోకవిఖ్యాతం తాపసానామనుత్తమమ్ ।
తత్ర ప్రవిష్టమాత్రస్తు నరః పాపాత్ప్రముచ్యతే ॥
సుద్యుమ్నశ్చ దివం యాత ఏడముత్పాద్య భారత ।
ఉత్కలస్య త్రయః పుత్రాస్త్రిషు లోకేషు విశ్రుతాః ।
మానవేయో మహారాజ స్త్రీపుంసోర్లక్షణైర్యుతః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.20 in Gujarati sript:
તત્પુરૂરવસે પ્રાદાદ્ રાજ્યં પ્રાપ્ય મહાયશાઃ ।
ચક્રવર્તી મહારાજ બભૂવ જનમેજય ।
સુદ્યુમ્નઃ કારયામાસ પ્રતિષ્ઠાને નૃપક્રિયામ્ ।
ધૃષ્ણુકશ્ચામ્બરીષશ્ચ દણ્ડશ્ચેતીહ તે ત્રયઃ ।
યશ્ચકાર મહાત્મા વૈ દણ્ડકારણ્યમુત્તમમ્ ॥
વનં તલ્ લોકવિખ્યાતં તાપસાનામનુત્તમમ્ ।
તત્ર પ્રવિષ્ટમાત્રસ્તુ નરઃ પાપાત્પ્રમુચ્યતે ॥
સુદ્યુમ્નશ્ચ દિવં યાત એડમુત્પાદ્ય ભારત ।
ઉત્કલસ્ય ત્રયઃ પુત્રાસ્ત્રિષુ લોકેષુ વિશ્રુતાઃ ।
માનવેયો મહારાજ સ્ત્રીપુંસોર્લક્ષણૈર્યુતઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

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Preview of verse 9.20 in Kannada sript:
ತತ್ಪುರೂರವಸೇ ಪ್ರಾದಾದ್ ರಾಜ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ಯ ಮಹಾಯಶಾಃ ।
ಚಕ್ರವರ್ತೀ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಬಭೂವ ಜನಮೇಜಯ ।
ಸುದ್ಯುಮ್ನಃ ಕಾರಯಾಮಾಸ ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾನೇ ನೃಪಕ್ರಿಯಾಮ್ ।
ಧೃಷ್ಣುಕಶ್ಚಾಮ್ಬರೀಷಶ್ಚ ದಣ್ಡಶ್ಚೇತೀಹ ತೇ ತ್ರಯಃ ।
ಯಶ್ಚಕಾರ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾ ವೈ ದಣ್ಡಕಾರಣ್ಯಮುತ್ತಮಮ್ ॥
ವನಂ ತಲ್ ಲೋಕವಿಖ್ಯಾತಂ ತಾಪಸಾನಾಮನುತ್ತಮಮ್ ।
ತತ್ರ ಪ್ರವಿಷ್ಟಮಾತ್ರಸ್ತು ನರಃ ಪಾಪಾತ್ಪ್ರಮುಚ್ಯತೇ ॥
ಸುದ್ಯುಮ್ನಶ್ಚ ದಿವಂ ಯಾತ ಏಡಮುತ್ಪಾದ್ಯ ಭಾರತ ।
ಉತ್ಕಲಸ್ಯ ತ್ರಯಃ ಪುತ್ರಾಸ್ತ್ರಿಷು ಲೋಕೇಷು ವಿಶ್ರುತಾಃ ।
ಮಾನವೇಯೋ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಸ್ತ್ರೀಪುಂಸೋರ್ಲಕ್ಷಣೈರ್ಯುತಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

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