Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 5.43

ततो वैन्यभयत्रस्ता गौर्भूत्वा प्राद्रवन्मही ।
तां पृथुर्धनुरादाय द्रवन्तीमन्वधावत ॥ ४३ ॥

tato vainyabhayatrastā gaurbhūtvā prādravanmahī |
tāṃ pṛthurdhanurādāya dravantīmanvadhāvata || 43 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 5.43 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vainya, Bhayatrasta, Pra, Prat, Ravat, Mahi, Mahin, Prithu, Dhanu, Dhanus, Ada, Adaya, Dravanti, Anu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 5.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato vainyabhayatrastā gaurbhūtvā prādravanmahī
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • vainya -
  • vainya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhayatrastā* -
  • bhayatrasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhayatrastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gaur -
  • go (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • bhūtvā -
  • bhū -> bhūtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhū]
  • prād -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    prā -> prāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √prā class 2 verb], [vocative single from √prā class 2 verb], [accusative single from √prā class 2 verb]
  • ravan -
  • ru -> ravat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ru class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ru class 1 verb]
    ru -> ravat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ru class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ru class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ru class 1 verb]
  • mahī -
  • mahī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    mahi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mahi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mahin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tāṃ pṛthurdhanurādāya dravantīmanvadhāvata
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pṛthur -
  • pṛthu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhanur -
  • dhanus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhanu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhanu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ādāya -
  • ādāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ādāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āda (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    āda (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • dravantīm -
  • dravantī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • anva -
  • anu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anu (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    anu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anu (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • adhāvata -
  • dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
    dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 5.43

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

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Preview of verse 5.43 in Telugu sript:
తతో వైన్యభయత్రస్తా గౌర్భూత్వా ప్రాద్రవన్మహీ ।
తాం పృథుర్ధనురాదాయ ద్రవన్తీమన్వధావత ॥ ౪౩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.43 in Gujarati sript:
તતો વૈન્યભયત્રસ્તા ગૌર્ભૂત્વા પ્રાદ્રવન્મહી ।
તાં પૃથુર્ધનુરાદાય દ્રવન્તીમન્વધાવત ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

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Preview of verse 5.43 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ವೈನ್ಯಭಯತ್ರಸ್ತಾ ಗೌರ್ಭೂತ್ವಾ ಪ್ರಾದ್ರವನ್ಮಹೀ ।
ತಾಂ ಪೃಥುರ್ಧನುರಾದಾಯ ದ್ರವನ್ತೀಮನ್ವಧಾವತ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

Buy now!
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