Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 180 [Jnana arising of Sattva releases bond of Samsara], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 180 [Jñāna arising of Sattva releases bond of Saṃsāra]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 180:

सत्त्वजाश्रुतकलावधि त्वया कालवह्निभुवना मरीचयः ।
भक्षणाय जगतः प्रसारिता यल्लयान्नृभिरणुत्वमुज्झ्यते ॥ १८० ॥

sattvajāśrutakalāvadhi tvayā kālavahnibhuvanā marīcayaḥ |
bhakṣaṇāya jagataḥ prasāritā yallayānnṛbhiraṇutvamujjhyate || 180 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Jñāna arising of Sattva releases bond of Saṃsāra]

The wrong knowledge of non-self as self and the related attachment towards the non-self is Ajñāna (ignorance) or Āṇavamala. This Ajñāna is of two types-i.e awareness of self without the freedom of will and freedom of will with the limitation of Knowledge (Kiṃcitjñatva). When the right knowledge of self is acquired then all the three veils- Āṇava, Mayīya and Kārmaṇa-malas disappear. Then the reality of Self as Cidānanda appears.[1] Sattva (Laghu Prakāśaka) which gives rise to Jñāna, has to be attained to alleviate the effects of wrong awareness of non-self as self by the two types of Ajñāna. Till this stage the destructive forces of Śaktis projected as Kalā, Agni and Bhuvana operate vigourously to bind the souls in Saṃsāra. Their containment by Jñāna, will uplift the souls of the sādhakas to the innate Śivabhāva. Japa, Vrata, Upāsanas are the Caryas that result in Cittasuddhi only (purifying the mental state).

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 110 [Cidgaganacandrikā] 180.—

ātmānātmanoranyathābhimānasvabhāvamapūrṇaṃ jñānamevāṇavaṃ malam, yenābaddho'ṇurbaddhatayā nātmānamavabudhyate | tacca dvidhā—bodhe svātantryābhāva ityekam, svātantrye ca bodhābhāva iti dvitīyam ||

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