Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 38 [Shakti emanates as Varna], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 38 [Śakti emanates as Varṇa]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 38:

आहतेतरदुरुत्तराश्रयस्त्वत्पदादुदयते शिवात्मिके ।
अद्वयाद्विषयचित्प्रथातनुर्दृग्विमर्श इह वाचकः स्वरः ॥ ३८ ॥

āhatetaraduruttarāśrayastvatpadādudayate śivātmike |
advayādviṣayacitprathātanurdṛgvimarśa iha vācakaḥ svaraḥ || 38 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Śakti emanates as Varṇa]

Siddhā now sums up. The ever auspicious Śakti is the soul of Śiva. She is the cause of creation, protection and destruction and non-appearance (Tirodhāna) and appearance (Anugraha); She is the source of the three svarās or sounds, sounded or heard, āhata, creation; She emanates having the body in the form of enhancing or spreading or destroying the worldly knowledge. She becomes the body of sense and sound, having the five elements. She takes shape as Varṇa- alphabets to reveal (Samvit) knowledge.[1]

Citśakti resides in Anāhata cakra as Samvit

Samvitrupā Śakti who is non-different from Śiva, is the prime cause of Svarās, i.e Vācaka and hence the creative force of the entire universe. In the body of Sādhaka, Vimarśa-Samvitśakti rises as svarās from Mūlādhāra cakra as knowledge and mystically reaching Anāhata[2] she becomes both the knowledge and the known. At this stage she illumines both the word and sense.

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 75-76-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 38.—

bindutrayātmakāhatānāhatakālīkālakalpayo: vārgathayoḥ garbhigarbhabhāvaṃ lakṣayitvā tasyavai sṛṣṭisthitisaṃhārakālikavācyavācaka sambandhenānuttara praṇavatayā'bhedabhāvamapi darśayati.

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 24-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-37 [38?]—

mūlādhārackārda udayamāno'pi svaro durbhedamanāhatacaṃkra prāpya tatra viṣayabodhobhayarūpatayopa labhyate,yato dṛgrūpāyāḥ saṃvido mūlādhārasthāyā vimarśo vedāntibhirvirvataiti vyavahriyate |

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