Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 68 [Kala-gati], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 68 [Kāla-gati]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 68:

वासरेशरजनीशयोः कलाश्चण्डि यावदुदयं वितन्वते ।
तावदेव दिवसक्षपोदयस्त्वत्कृतः प्रकटगुप्तविग्रहः ॥ ६८ ॥

vāsareśarajanīśayoḥ kalāścaṇḍi yāvadudayaṃ vitanvate |
tāvadeva divasakṣapodayastvatkṛtaḥ prakaṭaguptavigrahaḥ || 68 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Kāla-gati]

Calling Śakti as Caṇḍi (angry towards him whose vision is multifarious) Siddhā says that she is the cause of time in the form of Sun and Moon, in whose wake day dawns and sets; in truth they are her two eyes functioning in her visible body, opening or shutting, revealed or hidden. The Sun has 360 days, whereas the Moon has twelve days and twelve nights, the two fortnights, in the unit, the year. The sum total of this Kāla gati, time flow or cycle is herself.[1]

Rise of Day and Night in Macro-cosmos and Micro-body

The rise of day by Prāṇasūrya kalās , and that of night by the Apānasoma kalās happen both at the Subtle and Gross levels of manifestation.The subtle function is day and night caused by the opening and closing of Śakti’s two eyes[2]—the Sun and the moon. The time cycle of Sun enumerated as years and the Moon cycle as fortnights are the gross identification. The fierce Śakti is the power inert in them for the whole activities.

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 130-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 68.—

navavidhakālamānasvasvarūpasṛṣṭyādikṛtyapaṃcakapaṃḍitāyā mahākālyāḥ vakṣayamāṇa kālasaṃkarṣiṇīvahnimūrtimayamahācekra pūrvoktaprakāśānaṃdakāla cakrapravartakasūyarcaṃdrayoḥ vidyā'vidyāmayavāgarthavyāvahārika netradva yātmakatāṃ svasyaiva vahnimayatṛtīyanetratāṃ ca pāṭhabhedasiddhāmudghāṭayati.

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 43-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-68.—

yāvatkālaṃ vāsareśarajanīśayoḥ prāṇāpānarūpayo kalāḥ udayaṃ vidhārayanti tāvatkālamave tvatkṛtaḥ prakaṭavigraho laukikaḥ, gupta-vigrahaśca āgamaśāstramātraprasiddhaḥ, divasodayaḥ kṣapodayaśca bhavatī |

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