Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 55 [Shakti’s Dual role], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 55 [Śakti’s Dual role]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 55:

जाड्यमम्ब ! जगतो निसर्गतो यत्पराप्रभृति भाति भेदतः ।
त्वं तु जाड्यपरिपन्थिनी स्मृता या विभासि सकृदर्थमण्डले ॥ ५५ ॥

jāḍyamamba ! jagato nisargato yatparāprabhṛti bhāti bhedataḥ |
tvaṃ tu jāḍyaparipanthinī smṛtā yā vibhāsi sakṛdarthamaṇḍale || 55 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Śakti’s Dual role]

Thus, She is the world that shines differently. She is by nature inanimate, spiritless or powerless. The world shining through the four fold word or Nāda is ever different or varied. Prāṇa is ever flowing and its Nāda is also varied. She is the cause of dispelling this difference. At this stage she is known as Anāhata nāda. She shines very rarely to the experience of the senses. She shines as the eternal source of creation, beyond thought. She exists simultaneously in the world of word and its meaning, Artha maṇḍala.[1]

Togetherness of Śakti in Jada and in Arthamaṇḍala

Inactiveness is inherent in the universe and it is not caused by state of cit. Beginning with Parā, the worldly creations take varied forms and names and hence called Jada [Jaḍa?]. When Parāśakti actively shines in the Universe, gradually inactivity is driven out[2]. In the province of word and its meaning she ever shines[3] in the form of cit (Prakāśa).

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 100-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 55.—

jāgradavasthāpannajagatsvarūpasya sarvātmanā niṣedhe vyavahāralopājjagadāndhyaprasaṅga ityāśaṃkya puruṣāparādharūpatadīya jāḍyabhedāṃśamātrasyaiva niṣaidhānnavyavahāralopo nāpi jagadāndhyaṃ ceti pariharati.

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 35-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-55—

yā tvamarthānāṃ nisargato jaḍānāṃ jāḍyamapanayantī arthamaṇḍale sṛkadvibhāsi sadā vibhāsi, ato jāḍyaparipanthitvāt tvaṃ na jaḍā, kintvadvitīyasvaprakāśacidrūpeti bhāvaḥ ||

[3] Cf. R.V of Kalidasa shloka 1—

vāgarthāviva saṃpṛktau vāgartha pratipattaye |
jagataḥ pitarau vande pārvatīparameśvarau ||

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