Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 53 [Shadadhvatita and Bheda Bhava], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 53 [Ṣaḍadhvātīta and Bheda Bhāva]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 53:

यावदम्ब ! पुरुषस्य शान्तता सप्तमी सकलभाववर्तिनः ।
तावदद्वयविमर्शभिन्नता सार्वकालिकविमर्शभाविता ॥ ५३ ॥

yāvadamba ! puruṣasya śāntatā saptamī sakalabhāvavartinaḥ |
tāvadadvayavimarśabhinnatā sārvakālikavimarśabhāvitā || 53 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Ṣaḍadhvātīta and Bheda Bhāva]

As long as the Puruṣa (self or ego) possesses the multifarious thoughts or ideas, through the six fold path and thinks that in the seventh stage (ṣaḍadhvātīta), there is calm or peace above. Till then, Puruṣa’s appearance shines always through the varied creation and his knowledge with many forms of dualities (Bheda bhāva)[1]

Vimarśa śakti’s duality only up to the seventh stage of Sādanā

At the Macro cosmic level Puruṣa has varied ideas in the six fold path of knowledge (Ṣaḍadhvā) due to varied creations. This is Bhedabhāva. At the seventh stage[2] he experiences Peace. At this stage the duality disappears. (Abhedabhāva) There is another yogic interpretation.

Seven Bhūmikas for attainment of Brahmajñāna a s per Yogavāsiṣṭa:[3]

  1. Insight into the Śāṣṭras,
  2. The instruction of Guru,
  3. Self-determination,
  4. Śabda,
  5. Bhakti,
  6. Aparokṣa-anubhava
  7. Kaivalya.

Kaivalya is got only after attainment of Jñāna.[4] The ascent from one bhūmika to the next higher one is gradual and possible only after being well established in each stage. The awareness of Puruṣa which is called Śāntata is the seventh stage, that reveals the oneness of the Vimarśaśakti with Śiva the ultimate. Up to the sixth stage the duality is experienced.

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 97-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 53.—

nādanavakatripuṭyupāsteḥ paramāvadhi darśayati.

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 33-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-53.—

advayavimarśabhinnarūpatā bhavati prathamādiṣaṣṭhyantabhūmiṣu saptamyāṃ tu śāntatākhyāyāṃ bhūmau advayavimarśarūpa eva puruṣa iti

[3]. Cf. Yogavāsiṣṭha Chapter II shloka 27 (sutra) (Sadhanapada) — [Kramaprakāśikā] p 33-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-53.—

tasya saptadhā praṃtabhūmiḥ prājña “iti sādhanapade yogadarśane saptabhūmī varṇyate” |

[4]. Cf. Jñānādeva-kaivalyam (śruti) [Kramaprakāśikā] p 33-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-54 [53?].

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