Chandogya Upanishad (Shankara Bhashya)

by Ganganatha Jha | 1942 | 149,749 words | ISBN-10: 8170842840 | ISBN-13: 9788170842842

This is the English translation of the Chandogya Upanishad, an ancient philosophical text originally written in Sanksrit and dating to at least the 8th century BCE. Having eight chapters (adhyayas) and many sub-sections (khandas), this text is counted among the largest of it's kind. The Chandogya Upanishad, being connected to the Samaveda, represen...

Section 7.16 (sixteenth khaṇḍa) (one text)

Upaniṣad text:

‘But in reality that person talks high who talks high by the True’.—‘May I, sir, talk high by the True.’—‘But the True itself has to be sought—to be known’.—‘Sir, I do seek to know the True.’—(1)

Commentary (Śaṅkara Bhāṣya):

Nārada, having learnt that Spirit is the highest entity, and that it is his own self and also the self of all things, thought that there was nothing higher than Spirit and hence kept quiet, and did not put his usual question “What is it, Revered sir, that is greater than Spirit?” The Revered Sanatkumāra found that a capable Disciple has become satisfied with the knowledge of the modifiable (hence) false Brahman, and though not having his purpose fulfilled, yet he had come to regard himself as a ‘high-talker’ of the Absolutely True; hence, with a view to wearing him away from a wrong conviction, said—‘But in reality, that person talks high of whom I am going to speak, and one who knows that mere Spirit is not really a ‘high-talker”; he is a ‘high-talker’ only in regard to Name and the rest (ending with Hope). In reality, he alone is a ‘high-talker’ who knows what is called ‘the Infinite’, which is beyond all things, the True, the absolutely real. This is what he says in the sentence.—‘In reality that person talks high who talks high by the True;—i.e. is possessed of the knowledge of the Absolutely True’.—‘Know that I have come to seek refuge under you, sir, may I talk high by the True?’ Please direct me so that I may talk high by the true,—such was the sense of what Nārada said.—‘If really you wish to talk high by the True, the True itself has to be sought to be known first.’—Being thus addressed, Nārada said—‘Beit so then, sir, I do seek to know the True,—I am anxious to learn it from you in detail.’—(1)

End of Section (16) of Discourse VII.

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