Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary)

by Srisa Chandra Vasu | 1909 | 169,805 words | ISBN-13: 9789332869165

The English translation of the Chandogya Upanishad including the commentary of Madhva called the Bhasya. This text describes in seven sections the importance of speech, the importance of knowledge and the journey towards salvation.. It is one of the largest Upanishads and is associated with the Sama Veda. The Mundaka Upanishad is variously spelled...

Second Adhyaya, Twelfth Khanda (1 mantra)

Mantra 2.11.1.

Let one realise the glory of the five-hold Harmonious Lord called Rathantara Sāma in the fire.

1. Pradyumna in the rubbing of the firesticks, Vāsudeva in the rising smoke, Nārāyaṇa in the burning fire, Aniruddha in the glowing coals, and Saṅkarṣaṇa when it lias gone down partly, and Saṅkarṣaṇa also in the fire which, has gone down completely. This is the Rathantara Sāman as refuged in the Lord dwelling in the various forms of fire. He who knows thus this Rathantara Sāman, as refuged in the Lord, dwelling in the fire, evolves all Brahmic powers, becomes healthy, gets Life Eternal, lives all-knowing, great in children and cattle (mighty through wisdom and learning), great in fame. His vow is “do not eat facing the fire or spit before it.”—128.

[Note.—Brahmavarcasvī, the person whose energy has increased owing to his worshipping Brāhmaṇ or Viṣṇu, viz., who has become released.]

Madhva’s commentary called the Bhāṣya:

He who meditates on Janārdana in fire, as the cause of the various actions connected with the ignition of fire, as the Supreme Lord Hari existing in the act of rubbing of fire-sticks, etc., and who is the refuge of Rathantara Sāman and has five forms, he verily gets release from the ocean of Saṃsāra.

Note.—This explains the fruit of the realization that Rathantara Sāman is refuged in and controlled by the Lord Hari, in His five-fold aspects as existing in fire.

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