Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 8.6.4

अथ यत्रैतदस्माच्छरीरादुत्क्रामत्यथैतैरेव रश्मिभिरूर्ध्वमाक्रमते स ओमिति वा होद्वा मीयते स यावत्क्षिप्येन्मनस्तावदादित्यं गच्छत्येतद्वै खलु लोकद्वारं विदुषां प्रपदनं निरोधोऽविदुषाम् ॥ ८.६.५ ॥

atha yatraitadasmāccharīrādutkrāmatyathaitaireva raśmibhirūrdhvamākramate sa omiti vā hodvā mīyate sa yāvatkṣipyenmanastāvadādityaṃ gacchatyetadvai khalu lokadvāraṃ viduṣāṃ prapadanaṃ nirodho'viduṣām || 8.6.5 ||

4. Then when a person becomes weak, his relations sit around him and keep asking: ‘Do you know me? Do you know me?’ As long as he has not left the body, he is able to recognize them.

Word-for-word explanation:

Atha, then; yatra, when; etat, a person; abalimānam, weakness; nītaḥ bhavati, is reduced to; tam abhitaḥ, around him; āsīnāḥ, those sitting; āhaḥ, say; jānāsi mām jānāsi mām iti, do you know me, do you know me; saḥ, he; yāvat, as long as; asmāt śarīrāt, from this body; anutkrāntaḥ bhavati, does not leave; tāvat jānāti, that long he knows [them].

Commentary:

When a person is dying, he is surrounded by his relatives and friends, and they keep asking him: ‘Do you know me? Do you recognize us?’ As long as there is life left in his body he can recognize them. But when he has left the body, he cannot answer, because the body cannot speak without him.