Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 7.1.4

नाम वा ऋग्वेदो यजुर्वेदः सामवेद आथर्वणश्चतुर्थ इतिहासपुराणः पञ्चमो वेदानां वेदः पित्र्यो राशिर्दैवो निधिर्वाकोवाक्यमेकायनं देवविद्या ब्रह्मविद्या भूतविद्या क्षत्रविद्या नक्षत्रविद्या सर्पदेवजनविद्या नामैवैतन्नामोपास्स्वेति ॥ ७.१.४ ॥

nāma vā ṛgvedo yajurvedaḥ sāmaveda ātharvaṇaścaturtha itihāsapurāṇaḥ pañcamo vedānāṃ vedaḥ pitryo rāśirdaivo nidhirvākovākyamekāyanaṃ devavidyā brahmavidyā bhūtavidyā kṣatravidyā nakṣatravidyā sarpadevajanavidyā nāmaivaitannāmopāssveti || 7.1.4 ||

4. Name is the Ṛg Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sāma Veda, and the fourth—the Atharva Veda; then the fifth—history and the Purāṇas; also, grammar, funeral rites, mathematics, the science of omens, the science of underground resources, logic, moral science, astrology, Vedic knowledge, the science of the elements, archery, astronomy, the science relating to snakes, plus music, dance, and other fine arts. These are only names. Worship name.

Word-for-word explanation:

Nāma vai, name is; ṛg vedaḥ yajur vedaḥ sāma vedaḥ ātharvaṇaḥ caturthaḥ, the Ṛg Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sāma Veda, and the fourth, the Atharva Veda; itihāsa purāṇaḥ pañcamaḥ, history and the Purāṇas, as the fifth; vedānām vedaḥ, grammar [lit., the Veda of the Vedas]; pitryaḥ, rites offered out of respect to the ancestors; rāśiḥ, mathematics; daivaḥ, the science of meteors and other natural phenomena [and omens]; nidhiḥ, the science of underground resources; vākovākyam, logic; ekāyanam, moral science; deva-vidyā, astrology; brahma-vidyā, knowledge of the Vedas; bhūta-vidyā, geology; kṣattra-vidyā, archery; nakṣatra-vidyā, astronomy; sarpa [-vidyā], snake-charming; devajana-vidyā, fine arts; nāma eva etat, these are mere names; nāma upāssva iti, worship name.

Commentary:

There is no commentary available for this verse.