Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 6.9.3

त इह व्यघ्रो वा सिंहो वा वृको वा वराहो वा कीटो वा पतङ्गो वा दंशो वा मशको वा यद्यद्भवन्ति तदाभवन्ति ॥ ६.९.३ ॥

ta iha vyaghro vā siṃho vā vṛko vā varāho vā kīṭo vā pataṅgo vā daṃśo vā maśako vā yadyadbhavanti tadābhavanti || 6.9.3 ||

3. Whatever they were before in this world—whether a tiger or lion or leopard or boar or bug or insect or flea or mosquito—they are born again. [They never know that they came from Sat].

Word-for-word explanation:

Te, these; iha, here [in this world]; vyāghraḥ, a tiger; siṃhaḥ, or a lion; vṛkaḥ, or a leopard; varāhaḥ, or a boar; kīṭaḥ vā, or a bug; pataṅgaḥ, or an insect; daṃśaḥ, or a flea; maśakaḥ, or a mosquito; yat yat, whatever; bhavanti, they are [before]; tat, that; ābhavanti, they are after [because they do not yet know the Self].


We are born again and again till we overcome our ignorance and attain Self-knowledge. Death, for an ignorant person, is not liberation. It is like going into deep sleep. And when you are reborn it is as if you are waking up. You die again and again, and again and again you are reborn. This goes on until you attain Self-knowledge. Once you know the Self, you are free—free from birth and death.