Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 3.18.4

प्राण एव ब्रह्मणश्चतुर्थः पादः स वायुना ज्योतिषा भाति च तपति च् भाति च तपति च कीर्त्या यशसा ब्रह्मवर्चसेन य एवं वेद ॥ ३.१८.४ ॥

prāṇa eva brahmaṇaścaturthaḥ pādaḥ sa vāyunā jyotiṣā bhāti ca tapati c bhāti ca tapati ca kīrtyā yaśasā brahmavarcasena ya evaṃ veda || 3.18.4 ||

4. Prāṇa [the organ of smelling] is one of the four feet of Brahman [as the mind]. It shines by the light of vāyu [air] and also radiates heat. He who knows this shines and radiates warmth with his good work, with his fame, and with the radiance he acquires from leading a scholarly and disciplined life.

Word-for-word explanation:

Prāṇaḥ eva brahmaṇaḥ caturthaḥ pādaḥ, prāṇa [the organ of smelling] is the fourth foot of [manomaya] Brahman; vāyunā jyotiṣā, by the light it gets from air [its presiding deity]; saḥ bhāti ca tapati ca, it shines and gives heat; yaḥ evam veda, he who knows thus; bhāti ca tapati ca, shines and radiates warmth; kīrtyā, through good work; yaśasā, through fame; brahmavarcasena, through the radiance that comes from a scholarly and disciplined life.


Vāyu, air, is the presiding deity of the organ of smell, because vāyu carries odours and reveals them.

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