Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 3.17.4

अथ यत्तपो दानमार्जवमहिंसा सत्यवचनमिति ता अस्य दक्षिणाः ॥ ३.१७.४ ॥

atha yattapo dānamārjavamahiṃsā satyavacanamiti tā asya dakṣiṇāḥ || 3.17.4 ||

4. Next, austerity, charity, straightforwardness, nonviolence, and truthfulness—these are his dakṣiṇā.

Word-for-word explanation:

Atha, next; yat tapaḥ, the austerity; dānam, charity; ārjavam, straightforwardness; ahiṃsā, non-violence; satyavacanam, truthfulness; iti tāḥ, all these [good qualities]; asya, of him [the person who regards his life as a sacrifice]; dakṣiṇāḥ, are the special fee paid after the sacrifice.

Commentary:

These qualities of austerity, charity, etc., are an additional gain, besides what you get by living a life as if it is a sacrifice. These moral qualities and the life you live both contribute much to the growth of your religious life.