Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 3.11.5

इदं वाव तज्ज्येष्ठाय पुत्राय पिता ब्रह्म प्रब्रूयात्प्रणाय्याय वान्तेवासिने ॥ ३.११.५ ॥

idaṃ vāva tajjyeṣṭhāya putrāya pitā brahma prabrūyātpraṇāyyāya vāntevāsine || 3.11.5 ||

5. This knowledge of Brahman a father will pass on to his eldest son or to a competent resident student.

Word-for-word explanation:

Tat vāva idam brahma, this knowledge of Brahman [previously mentioned as passing from teacher to student]; pitā jyeṣṭhāya putrāya, the father to his eldest son; , or; praṇāyyāya, a fit; antevāsine, resident student; prabrūyāt, will teach [or, pass on].


The knowledge of Brahman is the highest gift a person can confer on another. A father who has this knowledge can give it to his eldest son, or a competent teacher can pass it on to a competent student living with him.